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Step By Step Methods to Customize Your Car Properly

There are different methodologies to upgrade your car performance or appearance, you can change your car by basically including basic accessories such wheel spread or you can perform entire alteration and modification. You can essentially chopping down your vehicle, cutting down your suspensions, get new paint, update your car inside or you can put new accessories to make your dream car. Regardless, relatively few individuals able to locate the best approach to change their own particular car. Henceforth, today I will accommodate you a step by step guide for alters your car.

The vital technique to change your car is customizing the presence of the car. You can modify and customize the arrangement of your car by basically changing the look of your car. You can remove the top, overhauls the entryway, conform body attributes, for occasion, car gatekeepers, or you can essentially supplant your car’s guard, headlights and taillights. Alter one piece of your car will basically make your car not the same as other same model car.

The Second strategy is changing the wheels, tires and suspension. Wheels tire and suspension is life of your car, changing the wheels, tires and suspension will affect the execution of your car. Along these lines, consider the solace of the traveler before you choose to change the wheels, tires and suspension. You can consolidate custom wheels or change the sort and width of your tires, adding Hydraulics framework to incorporate sensational impact and make your car lower to accomplish “low rider” position. On the other hand, you can upgrade the motor by consolidate nitro, change the transmission system or even add machine to your car! You can redo your transmissions system by going to execution transmissions in Gainesville and enhance the whole execution of your cars.

The third system is by adding accessories to upgrade your cars new look. You can join accessories or change all accessories. You can basically upgrade your car internal part by change your seats, supplant the car carpet and put in new inside part accessories. You might also present a sun tops and introducing front line sound frameworks. Check auto parts franchise for more auto part you can get.

Get Your Car Painted To Remove Surface Imperfections

When your car’s color fades, you have nothing to do except taking your car to an auto service station for paint correction. Also, there are certain conditions when the need of paint correction arises. If your car meets an accident, you probably take it to a mechanic to get the dents removed. Dent removal is a process that includes eliminating just major dents, and not scratches, marks or other surface imperfections. If you want your accidental or damaged car to look like a brand new piece, the only solution left for you is to get it painted. Paint correction is a part of restoration.

Paint correction, as a service of restoration, includes mechanically polishing a car’s paint to remove scratches, oxidization, swirl marks and other surface imperfections caused by accidents, weather exposure, birdlime or chemical fall out. The typical car paint correction process involves many steps as follows:

  • To start with, the vehicle is rinsed and soaked under a blanket of snow foam.
  • The wheels are cleaned using PH neutral wheel cleaner to remove break dust and car tar spots, while the car paint is soaking to loosen up the dirt.
  • Then the car’s body is washed with clean water using the “two bucket” method, which minimizes contaminant transferal to the cars paintwork and the infliction of wash marks. Lambs wool wash mitts are used to carry out washing.
  • The body and the wheels are dried completely using using “waffle weave” and microfibre drying cloths.
  • After washing and drying the car, the next step is to remove bonded contaminants. It provides a smooth surface ready for machine polishing.
  • Thickness of the car paint is meticulously measured using a Fischer paint thickness gauge. If any area is found to be thinner than desirable, it’s adjusted to avoid breaking pain.
  • Before the car is ready for machine polishing, paint condition is carefully checked with the aid of a Brinkman paint inspection lamp.
  • The car is then painted using an electrical machine polisher. Starting from the finest grade of polish, the paint work gradually moves to coarser grades of polish as required to achieve a good level of correction and ensure smooth finish.
  • At the very next stage, painter perform some localized wet sanding, which helps in achieving full removal of any RDS (random deep scratches). Paint thickness is again measured. If the paint is too thin, wet sanding will not be possible.

Personalize And Protect Your Utv, Atv And Side By Side Four Wheelers

What are you using your ATV for?  Unlike your typical car or truck, there seems to be no consensus to the many uses for the agile UTV utility vehicle.  Back country trail rider, hunter, outdoor enthusiast, farmer, construction foreman or landscape engineer, it seems the application is only limited by the imagination.  These rugged four wheelers will crawl up rocky terrain, dart through mud and splash through streams with ease and reliability.  Increasingly popular because of their incredibly light weight,  easy transport and ability to trek narrow terrain.  The side by side community has found near countless benefits to the use of the versatile 2×4, 4×4 and even 6×6 wheeled companions.

No matter what the use of your ATV utility vehicle is, is your premier online source for all  UTV cab enclosures and ATV accessories.  Now you can personalize your side by side with a heavy duty professional grade water proof marine textile, available in popular colors.
Protect yourself and your equipment from mother nature and the harmful outdoor elements like rain, snow, sun and wind. Customize your UTV to fit your needs or terrorize the trails with a full cab enclosure, windshields, tops, soft doors, rear window kits and combo ATV cabs.  Though some will find their factory equipped side by side utility vehicle great on it’s own, others find that with a few extra accessories the standard ATV can be transformed to best suit their personal needs.

With years of expertise in outfitting utility vehicles with custom enclosures and accessories supplies only quality gear with superior strength and craftsmanship.  Professionally fitted for all leading brands Polaris Ranger, Arctic Cat Prowler, John Deere Gator, Kawasaki Mule, Kubota RTV, Yamaha Rhino, American Sports Works and Husqvarna ATV UTV utility vehicles.  Check out the full selection of cab enclosures and accessories for your UTV weekend toy or everyday workhorse.

BMW 328i Performance Parts Collection

Not quite aM and certainly no base model rental car – the BMW 328i can still benefit from a number of performance parts. From various exhaust and suspension components to software tunes and air intakes – the options are bountiful. The decision 328i owners need to make is not whether or not to buy performance parts, but which performance parts to buy first. Being that the 328i has been around for roughly two decades, it is best to observe parts options by each generation of 328i.

E36 328i

When it comes to E36 BMW 328i performance parts, it only makes sense to start with what will improve performance the most…a la a software tune.

E36 328i Performance Software:Back in the 1990’s when the BMW E36 generation of 3-Series was still in production – finding these type of gains were hard to come by. By simply altering the fuel map and timing tables, a performance tune can easily give a 328i an extra 15 horsepower and 12 lb.-ft. of torque. Add other bolt-on modifications and expect these gains to be even higher.

E36 328i Header: A great way to get the most out a tune is to add other bolt-on modifications like an E36 header. By itself, it can squeeze a few extra horsepower out of the motor by allowing exhaust to exit the motor more freely with less restrictions.

E46 328i

Similar to the E36 328i, the E46 generation benefits greatly from the addition of a tune and a few minor bolt-on modifications.

E46 328i Performance Software: Just like the E36, a software tune for the E46 328i can see gains of at least 15 horsepower and even more with additional performance parts installed

E46 328i Rear Exhaust: Besides feeling the difference in horsepower from various performance modifications, hearing the difference is just as rewarding. The best way to do that is with the installation of a E46 328i rear exhaust that screams when in the higher RPM range.

E9x 328i

One of the most budget friendly BMW 328i’s is the E9x generation. Powered by the BMW N52 engine, this model begs for more when it comes to performance parts.

E9x 328i Performance Header: By far, a N52 header is one of the most popular modifications that can be made to this generation of 328i. It is easily capable of creating an extra 20 wheel horsepower – and that is without the use of performance software to enhance gains.

E9x 328i Signature Rear Exhaust: Designed with performance in mind, a signature rear exhaust increases exhaust flow by 35-40%. It also saves nearly 18 pounds when compared to the factory E9x 328i exhaust.

F3x 328i

The latest addition to the legendary 3-Series heritage is the F3x platform. Equipped with one of BMW’s newer motors, the N20, there is plenty of reasons to add performance parts.

F3x 328i Active-8 Tune: With new advancements in data processor speeds and piggyback tuning modules – the Active-8 tune is the perfect match for the N20-powered 328i.

F3x 328i Signature Exhaust: No tune is complete without the addition of a rear exhaust to show off gains to the whole world. A F3x 328i signature exhaust is the BMW 328i performance part that will do exactly that.

Benefits of automobile engineering


Automobile and Automotive engineering is recognized and importance for motor vehicles for transporting the passengers. Here so many people are interested in automobile engineering. Surely it says the automobile engineering is the branch of vehicle engineering. It is the rapid growth of the auto component manufactures. Now a day’s great demand for automobile engineers. And this branch deals with the designing, developing, testing, repairing, manufacturing and servicing automobiles.


Here automobile engineering is classified into three types:

  • Product Engineers or Design Engineers.
  • Development Engineers
  • Manufactures engineers

Now the detail information of Design Engineer is, It deals with the designing and testing of the components and the systems of the automobiles. Here the designer designs the part of the automobile and then test the part of the automobile (whatever designed by automobile).After testing is there any requirement is required added to that, and make surely visible perfectly. Manufacturing engineers deals with the activities like how to create the assembles of the whole parts of the automobiles. Finally development engineers deals with connecting all systems in completed automobiles.


Automobile is a four wheeled vehicle that provides its own website which is designed to carry six passengers the most as well as restricted quantity of cargo. The same way people cannot do without the simplest of devices such as a cellphone.It is the same way that an automobile is an important aspect of our lives which we cannot do without. The following are some of its advantages;-

Automobiles also help us transport cargos that we would have otherwise carried from one position to another. Transport is very useful because it helps to save a lot on time and provides excellent opportunities for the vehicle owner. With transportation comes visiting which has been made possible by automobiles. As a result people can be able to travel large and far.

While vehicles can transport both people and cargo from one place to another, they can do so with rate based on how quick the automobile is being driven. This is important because you can be able to transportation perishable goods or harvested body parts in a short time from one location to another.

Although automobiles have more than enough advantages, they also have drawbacks too. Automobiles need constant servicing and maintenance in order for them to perform well all the time.

If you want global career you have to take this automobile engineering for that they have a chance to realize their dream. Performance improvements will help to improve safety and response times as well as the additional results. In some places and countries have become the automobile hubs. For getting this offer no need to score in tofels and ilets very well.

Finally you can get the information of automobile engineering by the list of engineering journals; from this list you can learn more of the subject of automobiles.

5 Key Considerations When Choosing a Two Post Car Hoist

Whether it is for a home garage owner or a mechanical workshop, a new 2 Post Car hoist allows you to make all repairs safely. When it comes to purchasing a two Post Car Hoist, I want you to make a right decision. Take your time when looking for the best suppliers of trade quality automotive equipment, as there are limited reliable options to consider when you want to have an excellent car lift. Top quality car lifts are a priority for every garage owner and workshop, so it is significant that the tool should be durable and adheres to the highest standards of quality.

Features of 2 Post Car Hoist

Provide an excellent reach and retraction to lift a variety of low vehicles or those with body kits with an 80mm minimum height.

Includes high-grade aluminium pump, for a long service life.

Safety lock & protection cover on the lifting arms.

Asymmetric arms for wider space to open car door.

Important Key Factors to consider when buying a 2 Post Car Hoist

1. It is best to study market trends and your supplier before you purchase your car lift.

2. Try to inspect everything. Be sure to check out the car hoist to see that is it in good working condition.

3. Purchase 2 post car hoist with a simple operating system, high-grade aluminum pump, single point manual lock release, German made hydraulic seals.

4. When it comes to your workshop, it’s vital that you choose 2 Post Car Hoist with low profile arms. With low profile arms, you’ll have the capability to service even the V8 supercars.
5. The quality of the 2 Post Car Hoist should be worth the amount of money you invest in it.

Wondering which car lift is best for your workshop or garage and saves your time. There are numerous Two Post Car hoists available in the market, the latest ones are as follows:

SCT-6140B 4000kg 2 post car hoist

This car lift is electronically controlled for lowering, raising and locking. It possesses column ladder safety locks, rubber car door protection pads, high-grade aluminum pump, ABS control box, high quality electronic components, etc.

Atom AL40BM 4000kg Two Post Hoist Clear Floor

Used by professional workshops including a V8 supercar team. It possesses Asymetric arms for wider space to open car door.

Its specification includes:

4000kg lifting capacity

Adjustable lift height – 1880 ~ 1930 mm

Pressure Rating – 18 MPA

For more information about 2 Post car hoist and other tools that are available in the market, Autohoist is the perfect place.

Car Prices and Running Costs in Different Parts of the World

Comparing car prices, insurances and running costs in different parts of the world may be a good exercise for any UK citizen who plans to go live abroad.  Depending on the lifestyle you will enjoy as an expat in your adopted country, running a car may be one of the expenses you have to take into account.

Purchase Price

To acquire a new car in one’s new country is often a considerable expense. Using a hatchback Volkswagen Golf 1.4, or for that matter any car in that category as reference, the following information applies:

  • In Russia and India you’ll get away with low purchase prices: £11,195 and £7,813 respectively – at home the same car will set you back £17,000 on average. Try the locally produced Lada in Russia and pay only £2,682. Or in India the local Tata Nano at £2,057!
  • Try a new comparable car in South Africa at a price of £10, 460 and a similar vehicle in Australia at £12,227;
  • Brazil is slightly more expensive at £12,362 and £14,360 in the UAE;
  • New cars in Germany and Japan are only marginally cheaper than those back home, while a similar car in the US will cost you approximately £23,283 – roughly a third more than in the UK;
  • Singapore seems to be the priciest; to buy a new car will cost you £40,000 – and their fuel is very expensive too;
  • It further seems that the above applies to the second hand market also.

Fuel Prices

Of course fuel prices can be very volatile depending on which part of the world you reside in, but the following figures should provide some information as to how one would budget in the adopted country:

  • Fuel is rather cheap in the US at about 30p for unleaded – the same applies to the UAE;
  • Expect to pay 33p per litre in Russia;
  • South Africa: 51p per litre;
  • Australia: 58p per litre;
  • In Brazil you can expect to pay 65p per litre for unleaded; the same applies to India.
  • In Japan you’re looking at 77p per litre;
  • In Germany expect to pay a whopping 97p per litre;
  • Reports from Singapore indicate a weekly fuel bill of £55.00 – even though only short distances are undertaken.

Other Costs

When it comes to insurances, it seems that countries with higher crime rates will force you to pay more, for example Brazil.

Be Prepared

When you budget in terms of purchase price, fuel and insurance costs, don’t forget about other expenses such as licenses and car servicing. It all adds up, and although the costs of running a car in a new country will certainly not influence your decision on where to live, it is good to be prepared. If you want to value your car then it’s best to find a reputable company based in your country to perform an appraisal.

Car Care and Maintenance: Dealing with Foggy Headlights

Your headlights are an important part of your car. They make driving at night a lot easier and safer especially if there are no streetlights around to light up the road. As time passes, you’ll notice that your headlights begin to become foggy and cloudy. This affects the quality of light that shines through them. If you rely a lot on your headlights to see while driving at night, you’ll want to get those headlights cleared as soon as possible.

What’s Causing My Headlights to Become Foggy?

The reason why your headlights are becoming foggy can either be due to internal or external problems. Finding out whether the problem is internal or external will determine how to clean your headlights and restore its clear beam of light.

External problems are damages to the part of the headlight cover, which is exposed to the outside. Headlight covers are made of scratch-resistant and durable polycarbonate plastic to protect the headlights from debris. Eventually, UV rays from the sun will degrade the outer layer of the plastic. Other external problems include mud and grime, which build up on the surface of the headlight cover and cloud the light.

Meanwhile, internal problems include moisture that builds up on the inside of the headlight cover that dims the light and makes the headlight look foggy.

How Do I Clean My Headlights?

If the problem is internal, you’ll have to open your headlights to wipe the built-up moisture that’s fogging the light. You’ll need:

  • Warm water
  • Baking soda
  • Dish Soap
  • Screw Driver
  • Clean cloth

Here are the steps:

  1. Prop open your hood and look for the bulb connector that’s connected to your headlight.
  2. Rotate the connector and release the switch between the bulb and the connector. You’ll have to detach the bulb from the connector.
  3. Mix the warm water, baking soda, and dish soap. Dip the clean cloth in and wrap it around a screwdriver.
  4. Use this to wipe the inside of the headlight. Use a dry towel to wipe the excess moisture off.
  5. Reattach the bulb to your connector and that should clear the headlight.

If your problem is external, there are many solutions to clearing up your headlights. Using any of the following should be helpful:

  • Glass cleaning solutions
  • Car polish and rotary buffers
  • Lens repair kits
  • Plastic lens cleaner or degreasers
  • Wet sandpaper
  • Wax or silicone sealers
  • Toothpaste
  • UV protection

It is important that you maintain your headlight’s clarity since they improve driving safety. Although headlight fogging is a common problem, fortunately, there are many solutions out there that are easy to use. No need for you to bring your car in the shop at all times because now you can do it yourself!

Written by Marc Laferierre, owner of Dents Unlimited. Dents Unlimited has the best auto repair Columbia MO has to offer, where their expert staff can get your car back on the road in no time.


Pick a Limousine rental company for Your special Moments

Limousines are the most well known and most alluring car that without a doubt draw in everyone. The extravagance and the prevalence of limousines will have the ability to accompany you in any fundamental events, for instance, Birthday, prom night, wedding, or other event. Limousine will make any fundamental moments on your life great. Nowadays, Limousine rental has been spread over in all over the place all through the nation. Numerous rentals have various accumulations from the old limousine up to the most current one. You can pick any model that is personalizing you. In any case, you should be careful in picking the rental company. In this way, today I will give you a methodical manual for pick a limousine rental company to escort you to your basic events. Visit exotic and luxury car rental for begin your excursion in finding the right car to escort you.

The first thing you have to consider is the gathering of limousines of the limousine rental company. You ought to find the data about limousine accumulation on the particular limousine rental company. You can use the web and chasing down the nearest limousines rental company on your territory, or on the other hand you can check classic car rental los angeles to get the ideal vehicle for you.

The second thing you have to consider is the service of the limousine rental company. Confirm that you pick a tolerable limousine and driver. A nice driver is a driver that all around carried on, fashionable, and have encountered to make you comfort. The cleanliness of the vehicle and the opportuneness should be on your once-over to check. You can find the data around a tolerable commute through your buddy’s encounters. Get some information about particular company, for example, exotic car rental los angeles that gives awesome driver and limousines.

The last one is consider the expense of the rent. Make a point to pick limousines as per your budget, You might need to call the company about the possible discounts that will in sparing your cash. Check about the extra charges for extra services, especially when you might require the limousine for a more extended time.

The following step is consider the safety of your party. Make a point to watch that the limousine are enlisted with their state, have proper level of insurance furthermore have licensed. Get some information about the licensing and insurance certifications. Thusly, you will have the capacity to get limousine at the best way.

The following step is ensure that you are plan ahead about your ride experience. Take a rundown about every one of the details of your ride experience and make a point to check the course for your ride. Along these lines, you will have the capacity to examine and give details to the car rental, so they will have the capacity to offer you some assistance with improving your ride experience at the right costs.

I recommend you to think about acquiring as a bundle for special occasions, for example, weddings, show, prom, or business class. Along these lines, you will have the capacity to get set a number of hours, highlight you might require on your event and event for an altered, comprehensive prices. Thusly, you will get lower price for your rent.

Improve, modify your car and repair them properly

Your car is your the most important resources and asset likewise intends to transport you and your family to your destination properly. At the point when your car is hurt or broken, you can just offer them and buy another auto or you can fundamentally keep your auto and repair them. In this troublesome financial times, keep your auto and repair them is one of the best thought to take care of your cash related issue. Repair and keep your old car will spare you a broad measure of cash, yet in other hand you should do the sponsorship and support more dependably than new car. You can go to your nearby dealer to get crucial support and maintenance, for occasion, oil changes in modest cost, or you can go to expert auto repair for all the more genuine issue comprehension and maintenance. Today, I will issue you a controlled guide on the most fit framework to locate a trusted auto repair shop truly.

The fundamental step to discover trusted auto repair shop is by do some examination on the web. Web is the most customary approach to get synopsis of any auto repair shop close you. Make a point to get a couple auto repair shop approaching to get the best auto repair chase down your car. In light of current circumstances, your auto is your venture; don’t pick shoddy auto repair shop that won’t issue you the best organization for your car. I prescribe you to check automotive diagnostics in car repair. You may need to get autocasting to enhance your car and improve its endurance.

The going with step is check auto repair shop that have certification and has a spot with an associations. You should ask the auto repair shop administrators about their accreditations. An expert auto repair shop will issue you affirmation of their certification and accreditations. Of course, on the off chance that they are getting perturbed and mindful when you getting some information about their accreditation, you should surrender them instantly. I endorse you to visit Goodyear auto repair for the best car repair shop that have certification and great accreditations.

Get the best car for you in easy ways!

There are various ways to deal with enhance your lifestyle; a standout amongst the best courses is by purchase another car or truck. You might prepared to purchase a superior arrangement car by purchasing a used car, regardless you might not have any craving to pick the risk of driving a second hand car or you might need to purchase your first car as another car. You might need to spend the extra money to get the best way of car. Thusly, today I will give you a systematic guide on the best approach to purchase another car properly in this guide.

The essential step is checking that you taking control from the start. You should acknowledge what you need and how you get it. Confirm that you do some examination about sort of car you require and what kind of car you should be your car, read reviews about it on the web. In this manner, you will have the ability to center the right car for you to the extent arrange moreover detail. Eventually car businessperson will persuade you to purchase the right car, however make a point to stay dedicated to the other side car.

The drawing so as to follow step is slim down your request up a financial arrangement. You might need to tight down your financial arrangement and guarantee that you are picking car according to your budgetary condition and your ability to purchase car. In this way, you will have the ability to make a sensible arrangement besides purchase the right car according to your cash related. You can read about their reviews here and locate the right fresh out of the box new car appropriately.

The following step is making an arrangement. You might need to do test drive on the car and check whether you are pleasing with your car. In this way, you will have the ability to guarantee that you are picking the right one. I recommend you to check dealer with the best dealer decals for the best way to deal with get fresh out of the box new car.

Mahindra’s first compact SUV car KUV 100: an assessment by


Mahindra&Mahindra, the largest utility vehicle manufacturer in the country are about to launch its new vehicle, this time a compact SUV, which was given a code name as S101, and now officially christened as Mahindra KUV100 will be launched in India on January 15th 2016.


Though nothing has been officially declared from Mahindra, it is expected that this car, being a compact SUV, will be priced reasonably at 5-7 lakhs, for the different variants. Official reports suggest that the car will be sold in 7 colors- Fiery Orange, Flamboyant Red, Dazzling Silver, Aquamarine, Pearl White, Designer Grey and Midnight Black.

Also check about Mahindra KUV100 Price in India, Specification, Features, Reviews, Photos, Mileage.



For the first time, Mahindra is bringing out a vehicle in both petrol and diesel variants. The different trims of the car are to be named K2, K2+, which are the base variants, K4, K4+, which are the mid-variants, K6, K6+, which are the high variants, and K8, which is the top-end variant. The engines in both petrol and diesel variants, is a new one, named mFALCON, which is thought to be so-named, after the falcon, a bird of prey, signifying th power of the engine. The diesel variant is fitted with the mFALCON D75, which is a 1.2 liter turbocharged CRDe one, producing power and torque of 77 bhp and 190 Nm, respectively. The petrol variant is fitted with an mFALCON G80, a 1.2 liter, MPFI, aluminum, light-weight motor, giving out power of 82 bhp and torque of 115 Nm. Though the car will be launched with 5-speed manual transmission, there seems to be a possibility of the car being brought out with automatic transmission, sometime later. The mileage of the KUV100 is expected to be between 20-25 km/l, which is good.


Sneak peeks into the KUV100 have revealed that the SUV will be loaded with comfort features, like tilt-adjustable power steering, height-adjustable driver seat, CD player with AUX-in, Bluetooth, AC, Mahindra Blue Sense App integration, ‘Intellipark’  reverse assist, voice messaging service. It is also expected that the tall-boy look of the car, ensures adequate head and leg room for all its passengers. A unique feature thought to be incorporated into the cabin, is the fact that there is enough place in the front row, for the comfortable seating of 3 passengers, with an option to fold the middle seat downwards to use as an arm-rest, when not needed. The gear-box is fitted onto the dashboard, in order to facilitate this feature.


This SUV is built to catch the eye of the youth, with its peppy looks. The bonnet is high and the car looks big, though measuring less than 4meters. The grille is a smaller version of the company’s regular one and looks belligerent and captivating.

Also check about Mahindra Gusto and Hyundai Elite i20

Learn Auto Body and Paint The Best Training on the Net

When you are searching for the best training on the net for how to paint a car, you will undoubtedly find  Not only is this website a comprehensive auto painting resource but it also offers an excellent course for anyone wanting to learn at home.

For example, you will find that offers one of the few courses that show pictures of an actual car the author painted.  From start to finish, you will see the progression of the entire project.  The author decided to do this because he found that most car painting courses show a variety of cars to illustrate each step as opposed to using one single vehicle for an example.

In addition, provides lifetime membership to those who purchase the course.  This will give you access to updates, bonus material, and the chance to ask the author questions during live chat. As things often change in the automotive painting industry, it is quite helpful to have a resource that is often updated with the latest information.  You receive these benefits for life as a thank you for purchasing the course.

Furthermore, the website also offers eBooks to accompany the DVD course.  Having an eBook can be essential for those of us who are not visually inclined or absolutely need something written in order to learn.  You will find that having the eBook is also great for quick reference in your garage or while you are painting. The same example car is used in the eBook and is featured in various color photographs.
You will also find the course easy to understand. The author, Tony Bandalos, has created these lessons in a format that seems like you are having a personal conversation with him. He does not use difficult to understand automotive jargon. You will hardly notice as you learn things that the professionals go to school for.

If you are still wondering if this site is the best training you can buy, just log on and view a few of the client testimonials.  They have been submitted from satisfied customers from around the world. Each client is very vocal about how much the site helped them when they wanted to learnhow to paint a car.  So what are you waiting for? Log on to now if you want the best instruction for automotive painting.

Return Your Leased Car Scratch and Rock Chip Free with Paint Touch-Up

Paint Touch Up 101

Touching up paint on a vehicle’s body is simple, really. For a fraction of the cost that a traditional auto body shop or local car dealership will charge, you can get easy paint touch-up and return the car scratch-free.

Read your lease agreement carefully to see if the type of scratches or dents they will charge for are listed. The average for most car lease companies is two inches or more. If you’re not sure how long your scratches are, take a tape measure and see if the scratches in question are longer than two inches. If they are, call your local car dent removal facility to set up an appointment.

Many dent removal and paint touch up companies offer free lease return inspections. This can help you determine exactly how much damage your vehicle has as well as an estimate on what a traditional auto body shop or local car dealership would charge for the damage compared to the cost of paint touch-up. From that point, you can decide if it’s worth it to touch up the paint on your leased vehicle – and 9 times out of 10, it will be.

What to Expect

The process of paint touch-up is easy. First, find a reputable mobile paint and bumper repair company in your area. You should be able to get free estimates either online or in person.

Once you schedule your appointment, you will walk with the technician around your car so you can both note the scratches that need touching up. He may see some that you were unaware of, and you might have additional concerns to address. The paint technician will then match the exact color of your paint using a software program and apply the paint to the chipped door edges, paint scratches, or rock chips. It takes just a few minutes to dry, so in less time than it takes you to eat a good meal, you can get in, get out, and get on with your life.

New Car, New Paint, Best Treatment, No Wax

Contrary to popular rhetoric, buffing wax onto new automotive acrylic paint is not the best way to preserve the color and shine of your paint. In fact it is the beginning of the end of your factory shine.

Wax has been around since the dawn of time, The automotive industry has had the benefit of wax since it’s inception.

However no matter how brilliant the paint may be when the car rolls off the showroom floor. After just one waxing the paint is changed forever. Some extremest actually promote claying and polishing a brand new car!

These people have an agenda that involves their selling or performing a service that includes some form of automotive wax.

They bank on your ignorance of the damage that excessive and redundant friction can to to a factory finish. They don’t care about your paint job.

They care about the money they can make with their wax and the temporary shine they can achieve with it.

The health and condition of your paint was never a consideration, its always about the wax.

In fact wax is a protective covering that is used to create a water barrier on your cars paint. It can also be buffed to a shine.

Beyond those two pros every thing else about wax is a con.

Its wasteful

its messy

it yellows

It hazes

It hardens

It requires buffing

It promotes swirl marks in your paint

It is time consuming

It cannot be applied in direct sunlight

It cannot be applied in freezing weather

It is a friction based application

It builds up

It has to be removed

It dulls

There are advancements in acrylic paint that make the use of wax or polish risky.

New automotive acrylic paint does not need to be buffed, poished or waxed it needs to be preserved and the best way to preserve acrylic paint is with an acrylic paint conditioner.

Unlike wax the acrylic conditioner has none of the above problems,

In fact it is the exact opposite in every respect.

Basically the acrylic paint conditioner is not a covering, it makes the paint shine from within. An acrylic paint conditioner will never dull. There is no waste and it can be applied in all temperatures and sunlight. It applies in minutes lasts for months and never has to be removed.

1. Never Dulls

2. Can be applied in hot sun

3. Can be applied in freezing temperature

4. Does not yellow

5. Does not have to be removed

6. Requires no buffing

7. Does not harden

8. Does not create swirl marks

9. Pure liquid

10. Rust resistant

11. Easy one step application

12. Eliminates the need for Clay

13. Eliminates the need for polish

14. Creates a shine within the paint

15. Is absorbed into the paint

16. Creates no debris or waste

17. For “Scratch Shield paint”

18. Preserves factory finish

19. Does not trap and hold particles

20. Has built in cleaning agents

21. Eliminates the need for soap

22. Protects Chrome & wheel from road salt

23. Conditions and shines black vinyl trim

24. Conditions and preserves clear headlights

25. Deoxidizes and restores color to acrylic paint

26. Conditions & replaces essential elements in paint

27. Takes less than a half an hour to apply

28. Unique in the market

29. Non abrasive

30. Efficient, 95% goes in the paint 5% in the towel

Perfect for new cars of all colors from black to white, An acrylic paint conditioner will out perform any wax or polish in the preservation of the original shine and color of new automotive acrylic paint.

Automotive detail clay aka Silly Putty

You will read a lot of comments on the use of clay.

Some actually tell you to use abrasive clay on a brand new factory paint job. Not only is that excessive it’s senseless and damaging to the original factory finish. Clay should never be used on a new car.

Some say clay is a necessary detail product and is needed from once a year to once a month. They will tell you how smooth the paint feels once you clay it. They will say, “Put a plastic sandwich bag over your hand and rub it along the car and feel the debris stuck in the paint” They will tell you that, you have to use clay or your paint will never be smooth to the touch.

The truth is that clay is for fanatics, it is a “Silly putty”, an example of excessive detailing.trans.gifSure you can use clay, but why?

All paint jobs start out smooth, Its what happens to the paint later that creates the problem. There are three basic elements involved here.

Clay, Wax, Paint.

Listed in the order or softness, Paint is much harder than either clay or wax. Being hard by design paint will not hold anything. The painted surface once cured is not sticky nor is it malleable. Paint will chip or scratch but it won’t hold any particles that clay is needed to remove.

Wax has varying degrees of hardness. When dry wax will always be harder than clay. Many car waxes rely on carnauba for a hard lasting shine. In its pure state carnauba can be as hard as rock. It is blended with other ingredients to make it usable as a car wax. However that does not make the carnauba in the mixture any softer. Carnauba is broken down into a powder when it is formulated in to car wax. The powder retains its abrasive hardness. The rest of the wax mixture provides an adhesive base which will help the wax adhere to any surface. This adhesive quality is what traps grit and debris on your car. The wax is the problem, not the paint.

That fact becomes pretty obvious when you realize that everyone who swears how good clay is uses wax. They all use it when they are stripping old wax off their car. You will never hear of someone using clay to strip old paint off their car.

Common sense tells you that: If something is able to wedge itself in a surface as hard and thin as acrylic paint nothing as soft as putty is going to be able to grip it hard enough to pull it out. Yes the very use of wax creates an opportunity for clay to enter the automotive paint detail products arena.

What is clay? “An abrasive putty”. Used to remove old wax from paint

What about wax? It’s a plant by product……. Tree sap is also plant by product. Guess what! Carnauba comes from trees. Paint is a synthetic. Acrylic paint is unusual in that can be mixed with water but once dried, it basically becomes a water insoluble plastic. In its manufactured form plastic has a life span beyond any known organic composition. That fact makes putting an organic based wax on synthetic backwards. From start to finish wax causes problems. Clay is an abrasive treatment developed and manufactured to aid in cleaning old wax off paint. Rubbing “plant matter and putty” on your car is not beneficial to the paint.

The perfect product for acrylic paint cannot be organic as it must have as long or longer a life span than the paint it is protecting.

That is why paint is used to protect metal. Exposed to the elements,  paint has a longer life span than the metal it’s protecting. Paint never has to be removed because it’s non organic, a synthetic. Paint wears down over time, but it does not decay. Wax is organic and has a point of decay. That is why it fails and has to be removed.

The perfect product for acrylic paint should not decay or have to be removed. The perfect product for acrylic paint should enhance and preserve the original beauty of the paint. The perfect product for acrylic paint does not require the use of clay. The perfect product for acrylic paint should not require buffing, or any repetitive action that involves friction.

If you don’t pile wax upon your car you won’t have an excuse to use clay. And if you do pile wax up thick on your car, you should be aware that rolling a ball of abrasive putty on your vehicle is damaging to the paint. In most cases after a car is clayed it needs to be polished before it is waxed, This causes even more damage to the paints original shine.

The best thing to cut old wax off paint is hot water and dishwashing liquid.

Sure there are people who say “don’t use dishwashing liquid“.

You have to consider the source.

These are the same people who will tell you to use clay on a new factory paint job. Dishwashing liquid works on metal, plastic and glass It’s safe non abrasive and works equally well on all brands of wax.

What is automotive detail clay really good for?

Automotive detail fanatics like it. It provides them with another way to make money at your pocket and paint jobs expense.

Automobile Paint Techniques: Spraying Your Car with Style

One of the noticeable features of your car is the paint job. Soon, the paint job of your car will deteriorate, and you will find yourself looking for ways on how to bring back the usual shine and style of your car. Your car can have a new character and greater value if you consider these custom auto paint ideas from the experts in Hermosa and Manhattan Beach.

Flat Black

During the recent years, the use flat black paint has become popular in the auto body industry. Car owners who are not really fond of luster are likely to opt for this paint, because it is devoid of reflectivity. It also gives a car a moody look which probably reflects the personality of the owner. Flat black auto paint, however, may not be suitable to all auto body styles.


This painting idea can give your car a sporty look and can be applied using different methods. You can paint your car with thin or thick stripes that run straight down the center of the car, starting just behind the front bumper and stopping at the back end. You can also paint a single racing stripe down the center of the vehicle, offset to either sides of the car, over the doors. High-quality stripes can also be painted onto your car and then clear coated with a top coat for a cohesive appearance


Another extremely popular auto painting technique is metallic painting, which can give your car a modern look. Perfectionist car owners are likely to opt for this paint, as it can give their car a shine that remains the same even when viewed from different angles. Metallic painting services are part of auto body in Hermosa Beach with prices varying from one auto body shop to another.


Services for auto body in Manhattan Beach, on the other hand, may include flame painting, one of the oldest styles in auto paint. Flames can give your car an aggressive or dramatic look, especially if your car is for racing. In order to paint your car with realistic-looking flames, make sure you use the right painting tools and equipment. You can easily find affordable flame paint jobs, if you know where to look.


Also known as rustic look, distressed look has been increasing in popularity among various types of cars these days. Auto paint specialists apply this type of painting by stripping your car’s paint. The body work will also be taken down to the bare metal and the metal will be rusted using chemicals that promote corrosion. Rustic painting for auto body in Playa del Reyusually takes bit of bravery and commitment. Car owners should get used to seeing their car in its distinct, rustic look.

Step by Step Guide to Car Resprays – Respraying Paint and Paint Repair

Respraying your car means you are prepared to devote some time and money to complete this project. There is no reason why you can’t do this yourself, but you are going to need some guidelines. Unless of course you are already a professional car painter.

First of all make up your mind to accept that you are not going to get the same professional looking job by using spray paints from a can. That’s not to say you can’t use them and get decent results. Just don’t raise your expectations to high. Respraying your car will take some getting used to.

First Step:
Do all of your sanding of the rough spots, and filling of the holes. There is no point in doing this after you have cleaned the car you will just be defeating the purpose of washing the car in the first place.

Second step:
You must start with a clean car. If you don’t then your final paint finish will be a mess. Every bit of debris that you left on the car will be evident after the respraying.

Hint: If your car is wet and you shine a light on it you will clearly see any imperfections that you didn’t catch in the first or second step

Third Step
Now you have to mask off all of the areas where you do not want paint. If you aren’t really diligent in this step you could end up being really sorry that you didn’t. It would be a shame to have a beautiful paint finish, but half the paint is on the windows or chrome.
Fourth Step
Practice a little bit with your spray. There is a bit of a technique to it. Remember we said that respraying your car does take some time. Practice on a piece of cardboard. That way you are not as likely to get squirts or blobs of paint. Keep the spray moving continuously, and in very light coats. Several light coats of paint are far superior to two thick ones, that will look really uneven.

Fifth Step
Allow the coats of paint to dry at least one hour in between. Then apply the finishing coat. Again this should be applied just like the paint. A flowing motion with just a very light coating.

By taking your time to do the job right and following these respraying instructions you should end up with a very acceptable completed project. If you try and take short cuts then this is where your problems will start.

Make sure you use good quality equipment and products. Take your time, because when you start to rush a stage then that’s where mistakes take place. Remember to use the proper safety measures such as the right protective gear.

Ideally it helps to be able to respray your car on a warm sunny day, as it helps to set or bake the paint on, giving it a nicer finish.

So remember before you start, do your research on the how to’s and have all your equipment and supplies at hand, and you are ready to go for it.

Maintaining Your Car’s Paint Job

Maintaining your car’s paint job is so simple that anyone can do it successfully, with the right amount of effort. Neglect its care or use the wrong products, however, and your shiny vehicle may not look so good any more. To make things worse, some urban legends and tall tales about automotive paint care can actually harm the finish. The swirls and dull spots you may notice are almost always the result of using the wrong products and techniques when washing, drying or waxing your car. Below are some helpful hints for keeping your vehicle’s paint job looking good for years to come.


How to Wash Your Car the Right Way

Your vehicle takes a beating. Everything from tar and gravel to birds and bugs take a toll on its finish. Experts recommend washing your car at least twice per month and more often during bad weather. Letting dirt, debris, salt or other foreign substances sit on the paint can cause rust, staining and even corrosion, and can also dull the shine. Never scrub bird droppings off your car. Remove them as quickly as possible by soaking the spot for a few minutes with water (and a little soap if necessary), then rinsing with a spray bottle.

Washing your car should begin with a thorough rinse to dislodge grime. Wash your vehicle by hand, out of direct sunlight, with a soft natural sea sponge or sheepskin mitt, using a gentle detergent made for cars. Never scrub with a brush or anything that could create microscopic scratches in the finish. Rinse your sponge each time before reloading with soap, and change the wash and rinse water often. If you aren’t able to do the job yourself, be sure to seek out a brushless car wash.

Correctly Drying and Waxing a Vehicle

Always dry your vehicle immediately after washing to prevent water spots. Water spots look bad, but they also leave harmful mineral deposits behind that can erode the finish. Dry quickly using a gel-blade squeegee, a large microfiber towel (or both). Start with mirrors and windows, then move to the roof and downward. Use a second, dry towel and go back over it one more time. Use a different towel for wheels and non-painted bumpers to avoid cross contamination between abrasive brake dust and painted surfaces. Don’t neglect waxing, as this is the main line of defense between your car and potential paint damage. Choose a nonabrasive wax and apply with a clean, soft sponge or cloth, following manufacturer’s directions. Avoid parking under trees, as falling sap, leaves or bird droppings can quickly erode the layer of protection that waxing provides.

Professional Auto Detailing Services

Having your car professionally detailed twice or more per year can add years to your paint’s finish. Professional car-wash products and methods will add an extra long-lasting layer of protection. Body-shop detailing services can include buffing out any areas of oxidation and may even be effective for those annoying swirls caused by improper washing methods. Detailing may include special services for removing tar and bug residue, for cleaning the car’s undercarriage and engine compartment or for fine-cleaning the interior.

Having your car detailed by professional auto-body technicians can add years to the life of your finish and keep the car looking new. Most detailers will be glad to offer you professional advice on how to maintain your car’s paint job most effectively.

How To Choose Custom Car Paint: Urethane vs. Acrylic Automotive Paint

There are many factors to consider when choosing the best automotive paint for your everyday vehicle or classic car restoration project.  To most car collectors, the look and color of a car paint is the most important factor.  Other things to keep in mind include cost, application difficulty level, length of drying time, possible health hazards, and base-coat and finishing options.  For simplicity’s sake, I’ll narrow them down to the top four most important differences:  cost, difficulty level, durability and purpose. Acrylic and urethane are two of the most common automotive paints, yet they have very important distinctions.  This article will help you choose the right car paint for your car project.


Cost is the only practical area in which acrylic enamel car paint has the clear advantage over urethane car paint, which costs more than twice as much. Acrylic lacquer paints cost up to $250 a gallon, and  acrylic enamel costs only $100-$150 per gallon.

Difficulty Level

Application: If properly cut and polished, the finished appearance of acrylic car paint is unbeatable.  Urethane paint will give your car a “fresh look,” and is easier to apply than acrylic enamel, which can only be applied with high-pressure spray guns.  Urethane car paint can be applied with low-pressure, high-volume spray guns, which are easier to control and spray larger drops for better surface coverage, but are more prone to runs.  Acrylic enamel automotive paint does not completely cover the primer, thus the primer color matters more when using it.  On the other han, urethane paint covers the primer completely, so it does not require a similarly tinted primer.  Acrylic paints can be done in a home garage, and applied in a slightly cooler ambient temperature, but no colder than 18`C (65`F).

Drying Time: Acrylic car paint has a much longer drying time, 1-2 days, as opposed to the short 2-3 hours required for most urethane paints, cutting down on time between coat applications accumulation of dust. For urethane car paint, most follow a base-coat with a clear coat.  NOTE: some clear coats tint the color, especially if it is black or white.  In this instance, one may prefer to use a single-stage urethane, and forgo the clear coat for the sake of the color.  With urethane paint, wet-sand is also an option before applying a clear coat.  Acrylic car paints require more coats (6-8), and must always be cut and polished, after letting it harden for several weeks. Single pack acrylic primers and fillers tend to shrink and sink back on repairs, so only use them on a final, even prime coat, and give it as long as possible to harden before wet sanding.   Both acetone, thinners and fuel spillage damage acrylic paints, and they require more maintenance to keep your car finish shiny.  In contrast, if a urethane paint job goes well, it needs no buffing, and un-buffed paint is the longest lasting and easiest to keep clean.  If it is baked on, the car can be assembled the next day.

CAUTION: Urethane paints are toxic, as they contain isocyanate, airborne compounds that enter the body through the lungs and skin.  Always use safety gear (goggles, mask and gloves) and proper ventilation when working with urethane paint.  Acrylic automotive paints are less toxic because they are water-based, so the resin adheres using water as its primary agent, whereas urethane depends on a solvent.


Urethane finishes are much more durable than acrylic enamel finishes. There are many factors that vary the exact length of time a finish lasts, but urethane finishes, when properly maintained, generally last 5-10 years longer than acrylic enamel finishes. Urethane paints are activated by hardeners, so after they are mixed, they must be used promptly or the product is wasted.  Acrylic enamel paint is prone to more chipping, cracking and general wear and tear, since it does not feature the hardeners.


Acrylic enamel car paint is typically used by professional car restorers who want to paint a classic car to exactly the original specifications, which requires acrylic enamel paint on many antique cars.  For example, acrylic enamel automotive paint is better for replicating factory orange-peel paint jobs, a bumpy surface finish.  Both auto manufacturers and car restoration professionals have now switched to urethane paint for most auto body work, due to it’s practical advantages over acrylic enamel.  It has become the standard in the auto industry because urethane car paint provides a quicker and better looking finish.

A Hi-tech Muffler Problem Could Be a Noisy Problem

The muffler is a tool that reduces the quantity of noise released by an automobile when this part creates a mistake of even the tiniest kind, muffler car repair work will quickly be called for. When this part starts to fail, noticeable results will certainly result and also the car may appear much noisier than usual. This might draw in the attention of fellow roadway users and those passing by or, at its worst, you may obtain on your own into difficulty for not adhering to legislations connecting to seem air pollution.

If you are unclear whether your muffler requires repair work, you need to listen closely for any sort of unusual and/or loud sounds that appear to be coming from the automobile. If left unrepaired, a damaged muffler may result in enhanced air pollution.

As soon as you really feel that a mistake might have developed with your muffler, you should look for muffler auto repair service as soon as feasible. These so-called hi-tech mufflersrepair facilities offer people the option to modify their muffler so that their automobile appears comparable to a racing auto.

A quick search of the Internet will present you with The muffler is a tool that lowers the amount of noise emitted by a vehicle when this component creates a fault of also the littlest kind, muffler vehicle repair will certainly soon be called for. When this part starts to neglect, obvious effects will certainly result as well as the vehicle might seem much noisier than normal. This might bring in the interest of fellow road customers and also those going by or, at its worst, you could obtain yourself into problem for not adhering to laws associating with seem air pollution.

The cost of a muffler automobile repair will certainly relate straight to the damage ran into. Hi-tech mufflers repair centers ought to be able to supply you with a quote that is comprehensive of components, professional labor as well as warranty. Components from the original equipment manufacturer will certainly cost you substantially much more in comparison to off-brand devices. A specialist muffler automobile repair service for an automobile that incorporates off-brand devices will typically set you back between $110 as well as $220 while a repair work that makes use of parts stemmed from the initial maker of the vehicle will certainly set you back between $260 and $380. If the component has to be specifically ordered from the manufacturer, you may have to wait for a muffler automobile repair.


You might find that muffler repair services are consisted of in the warranty of more recent vehicles so you are advised to examine your plan prior to consenting to self-finance muffler automobile repair work.

Russia’s “red car” Volga Automotive History

Speaking after the Volga automobile 60-80 people will believe a slight impression of the founding leaders are riding models Bacheng brand, and by the 1990s, with Volkswagen, Nissan, Toyota and other models introduced, the brand was gradually fade out of our field of vision, with a Volga car at the time is definitely a symbol of identity and status, while the Volga automobile industry is a symbol of the former Soviet Union and pride. Today we have and we come into this brand, take a look at the history of the Volga car.

Before talking about the history of the Volga car, let’s talk about the history of Gorky automobile plant, when the Volga automobile plant by Gorky automobile models, Gorky automobile plant in accordance with the Chinese pronunciation of its Russian acronym GAZ referred to as “GAZ factory” . The models produced by the plant, also known as GAZ car.

Gorky Automobile Factory was established in 1930, 1932, introduced the first GAZ AA-type trucks, hanging in the official license GAZ 21 Volga Volga before the introduction of Gorky automobile plant has been in mass production of various models of GAZ vehicles , and models including trucks, small buses, cars, jeeps, and even armored vehicles, and the first car GAZ Volga GAZ 21 was formerly known as M20 Pobeda (Pobeda is the meaning of victory), from 1946 to 1958 production, then power on board is a 2.1L inline four-cylinder engine, maximum power of 52 hp (39 kW).

October 10, 1956, the first a Volga car brand the former Soviet Union successfully Gorky automobile plant assembly, called the V Jai GAZ 21. The first 21 cars off the assembly line at Ford GAZ assistance to complete only three. Once launched on the popular police and taxi drivers of all ages, but also won the Soviet government agencies of all ages.

The car was designed by the Lev Yeremeev, the appearance of the main design elements on the vehicle by the impact of the U.S., while the interior part is based on Ford’s change from O-Matic, power, produced in 1956, equipped with 21 volt Jai GAZ of its predecessor GAZ-M20 Pobeda improvement from the 2.1L inline four-cylinder engine, 65 hp maximum power, and to the years 1957 -1958, V Jai GAZ 21 facelift model ZMZ-21A four-cylinder engine of 2.445L , the maximum power of 70 hp, the gearbox from the United States to use Ford’s 3-speed manual transmission.

October 1958 GAZ 21 volt Jai had a facelift, new car the most obvious change is the original grille was replaced with 16 banners vertical grille, in addition, its wheels and taillights, also after simple changes. By 1962, the new car has been improved again, the changes include the exterior, interior and technical upgrades, but most noteworthy is designed based on GAZ 21 GAZ 22 and travel version specifically for the KGB agencies (National Security Council, the former Soviet Union, former Soviet intelligence and counterintelligence agencies) custom 5.53-liter V8 GAZ 23 also began production in 1962 (with the regular edition models there is no difference in appearance, but the appearance of color provide only black).

By 1960, although the GAZ 21 is still quite popular, but the design has gradually become out of date. Thus Gorky automobile plant also started the next generation of product development. In 1967, the new Volga GAZ 24 (GAZ-24) began limited production, first produced a total of 24, and by 1970, after large-scale production.

GAZ 24’s development can be basically divided into three generations, the first generation model was produced in 1970-1977; the second generation of models produced in 1977-1985; third-generation model in 1982 – 1992 production. The first-generation models replaced the main leaf spring, new ignition, remove the hood on the rear-view mirror, etc.; and second-generation model is switched to a new bumper, retractable seat belts, front fog lamps and a new dashboard, front seats also have adjustable seats into a separate form.

The most worth mentioning is the third generation of the GAZ 24, compared to the previous two generations of models that change to be more obvious, the first power by the previous ZMZ-24 engine (85 horsepower) escalated into ZMZ-402 engine, engine displacement is consistent with the old 2.445L, but the new engine’s carburetor and the introduction of a new cooling system, making the new engine’s power to achieve a 98 horsepower, also in appearance, with a new grille, not the front door of the triangular window, larger wheels and new door handles, and the interior dashboard and seat head restraints, also a new design.

Of course there are many derivative version of the GAZ 24 models, including built specifically for GAZ 24-01 taxi, travel version of the GAZ 24-12, GAZ 24 convertible car, truck, 4WD version of the jeep and specialized built for the KGB’s GAZ 24-24 5.53L V8 models, etc., which built specifically for the KGB GAZ 24-24 models, it uses a lot of time advanced equipment, including a 3-speed automatic transmission , power steering, improved chassis and suspension, etc.

At the same time in 1982 GAZ GAZ 24 3102 as the third generation of an upgraded version of a small car production in Russia. Its appearance is given a new front face, while the internal switched to a new instrument panel and three steering wheel. Dynamic, equipped with a ZMZ-4022 inline four-cylinder engine, maximum power of 105 hp (78 kW), this model was produced until 2010, including a mid-1997 after upgrade, changes include a new 5-speed manual gearbox, the installation of power steering system, four-wheel disc brakes, 15-inch wheels and so on, power is also upgraded from the previous 105 horsepower to 130 horsepower, of course, specially built for the police and the KGB’s GAZ 3012 5.53L V8 models also have the production, this model was produced until 1996.

GAZ 24 production has been stopped in 1992, in the export market has achieved considerable success, it is the Gorky automobile plant sale on the history of a vehicle up to a total of 600,000 units. Most common in the Volga is GAZ 24 model. Even after the reform and opening up, we are able to see this classic face. Official car at the time the field of high-end, in addition to a large red flag, outside the old Shanghai, the most widely used GAZ 24 car, only the bureau-level cadres in order to enjoy the treatment. And into the late 1980s, its status gradually Santana, crown, Gongjue Wang, etc. replaced.

By 1992, with the Soviet Union, Russia’s auto industry has become bleak, in the 1990s, the Volga has also launched several models, but not their long life cycle, including the launch of the GAZ 1992 31029,1994 launched in 3110 and launched in 1996 GAZ 3110, and by 2000 the annual production of only the Volga 56000.

GAZ 24 in 1992, discontinued after the GAZ 31 029 officially listed, which draws on models designed GAZ 24 and GAZ 3102 two models, this model be integrated products, and this model on the body design more aerodynamic design, while the tail remained a GAZ 24 design, dynamic, GAZ GAZ 3102 consistent with 31029, but the V8 is no longer launch 5.53L car. GAZ 31029 officially discontinued in 1997.

GAZ 3110 (GAZ-3110) is the GAZ 24 modernized version of another, put into operation in 1997, a new car in appearance on a new design, more modern feel, but also in body paint instead of propylene acid paint, had substantially reduced the Volga car body rust problems. Also worth mentioning are the GAZ 3110 also introduced in the power ZMZ-560 and ZMZ-561 two 2.1L turbocharged diesel engine, which ZMZ-560 engine’s maximum power is 70 kW (95 hp), ZMZ -561 engine maximum power of 80 kW (109 hp). The car stopped production in 2003. The 3110 station wagon version of the GAZ 310221-2005 was discontinued. Sedan version in 2003, before the cut-off headlights also had a style change, but still maintained a station wagon version of the 1997 style headlights.

In addition to the GAZ 24 based on the derived models, Gorky automobile plant also introduced 90 other two new models, including the 1994 to 1997 production of GAZ 3105 trial, which uses a four-wheel drive , OHC V8 engine, but only after the production of hundreds of department discontinued. After 3105, the replacement of its rear-wheel drive products in 1998 GAZ 3111 to 2003 for the production. Russia to enter the car outside the Western consumer market. As production costs are too high, its starting to make $ 8,800 no competitive advantage, and soon after quit the production.

To the joint venture vehicle in order to face the 21st century and gradually occupied the situation in the Russian luxury car market, GAZ car is still a final effort, the introduction of a more active modern Volga cars, GAZ 31105 2004 GAZ 3110 as an alternative to car type of introduction, not only transmission and suspension upgrades, and in 2006 the old ZMZ-4021 and 4062.10 Chrysler engine was also replaced by the 2.4L DOHC engine, its maximum power of 123 horsepower.

The end of 2005 Russia’s Gorky automobile plant main owner Deripaska (Russia’s largest aluminum giant) announced Gorky automobile plant will be phased out production of “Volga” brand cars, by 2007 all over. The majority of the Russian “Volga” brand car owner’s request, the cut-off, the Gorky automobile plant will continue to produce the car parts for a period of 10 to 15 years. In fact, back in 2000, Deripaska acquired Gorky automobile plant, the plant’s small car line began regular holiday. At that time, the market has been unable to digest the “Volga” car brand of all production capability.

But by 2006 GAZ depot overturned the previous decision, announced further investment in production of Volga cars, and continue to produce at the production launch in 1982, GAZ 3102,1997 GAZ 310,221 and was launched in 2004, launched GAZ 31105 , and Chrysler also reached an agreement, the introduction of the Dodge Stratus and Braun’s production equipment and intellectual property rights, domestic production in Russia, and on this basis to allow for new car development.

In 2008, Gorky invest $ 200 million the company prepares to launch new car Volga Siber, plans to produce 100,000 vehicles, the largest production capacity can reach 16 million vehicles, the company would have 5-6 years to prepare, each year 45,000, but a financial crisis hit completely disrupted Golgi depot plan.

September 2008 Siber listed in the design of new cars, and Chrysler Sebring quite similar, because the car’s technical support is from Chrysler. Power has also adopted the Chrysler 2.0L and 2.4L engine, power was 141 hp and 143 hp, 188 Nm of torque, and 210nm Nm, matching the engine and 5 speed manual 4-speed automatic transmission.

After the September-November launch of the new car dealer sent a total of 1,000 vehicles, of which 35% by the state institutions, banks, customs orders, sales are very bleak, almost became a victim of the financial crisis, and to the Volga Siber launched in December a substantial discount from the original $ 20,000, benefits to 1.6 million dollars, which brought a certain amount of increase in sales. In the old Volga, the Volga in the sale of three cars in the first 11 months of 08 produced a 19 956-type cars, but car sales accounted for most of the year the share of the Volga.

To the first quarter of 2010, sales of Volga Siber cars only 200 or so, but because of lack of complementary products some time ago, Volga Siber production line had to stop. In addition, the first half of 2010, total production of Volga cars brand also only 2500 or so.

At the same time in 2008, Renault had to buy $ 1 billion 25% stake in the Volga, to 2011, the Renault-Nissan Alliance to discuss again with the Gorky automobile plant, Renault wish to acquire 10% stake in the Volga car, The Nissan will soon decide whether to buy the same price Volga 25% of the shares. In addition, in July 2011 Gorky automobile company also said that starting in 2012 Gorky automobile plant will start assembling the major brands of car production joint venture, when the Volga brand of cars will stop, but that does not mean that domestic “Volga” brand to disappear.

China car dvd player manufacturer – Double din Car DVD Player – 7 inch Two-din Car DVD Player

Car DVD,China Car DVD,China Car DVD Manufacturer,China Car DVD Supplier

7 inch Two-din Car DVD Player
Touch screen / Bluetooth / TV / DVD / VCD / CD / MP3 / MP4 / DIVX / CD-R / WMA / JPG / USB / SD

Car DVD,China Car DVD,China Car DVD Manufacturer,China Car DVD Supplier

Model: CR023012 Sample Price:$146.50
Detail description:


* Fully motorized two din in-dash TFT LCD monitor
* 7 inches wide view angle 16:9 display mode
* Motorized display angle adjustment (up and down)
* Adjustable image brightness/color/contrast
* Built-in AM/FM/MPX stereo receiver
* RDS function
* Built-in GPS navigation
* Touch Screen
* With USB2.0 slot in panel
* SD memory card slot behind front panel
* Compatible DVD/ VCD/ CD/ MP3/ MP4/ DIVX/ CD-R/ WMA/ JPG
* Built-in Analog TV tuner
* Built-in Bluetooth
* Subwoofer output
* AUX in
* AV input and output
* Parking Detector interface, Rear monitor video output
* IPOD function Ready
* OSD Language: English and Chinese
* Full function remote control
* Support DVB-T box (digital TV)
* Resolution: 720*R.G.B*480
* Power: DC 12V
* Product size: 193*180*100 mm

Package Details:

* 1pc in a Gift Box, 5pcs per Carton Box
* Unit Package Size: 300*235*165 mm
* Gross Weight: 3.36kgs per piece

Car DVD, China Car DVD, China Car DVD Manufacturer, China Car DVD Supplier, SHENZHEN BAITEMAN TECH. Company Limited.

Shenzhen Baiteman Tech. Company Limited located in Baoan District Shenzhen City China, is high-tech company specialized in professional car electronic product and pc equipment design, research and  development, OEM manufacture and supply of car electronics product and pc equipment (including car dvd player,car lcd monitor,car parking sensor etc.). The company is holding the world leading technology.

Our company brings together a large number of experienced electronic engineers and quality management experts, as well as outstanding sales team, formed a seasoned technical team, well-trained and sales teams. All of these provide strong assurances for further research and development of new products, technical support to numerous clients and after-sales service.

In accordance with the requirements of ISO9000 and ISO14000, we have built a strict quality control system and environmental management system. With superior performance and stable quality, our products consistently ranks forefront of similar products, and access to recognize by vast numbers of customers at home and abroad. At the moment, we have customers throughout Europe, North and South America, Australia and Southeast Asian countries.

Application Of Modern Gears In Various Industries

Gears are very popular mechanical items that have been used across various industries to serve several purposes for long. Gears are considered the inherent and most vital part of any modern engine or machinery. In fact, they can be remarked as the life of any engine. The prominent industries which require the application of modern gears are defence, food processing, marine, sugar, petrochemicals, earth moving, power generation, railway, to name a few.

Owing to such large and widespread demand of gears in the modern industries, there is no surprise that the global market expenditure on them is touching a phenomenal Rs. 12,500 crore mark. Since the number of industries in which the gears are used are very large, it is not feasible to describe each and every one them here. That is why some of the popular industries, along with the use of gears in them and the type of gears used in them are mentioned below:

1) Defence Industry: Defence is a very crucial industry as it is associated with the safety and security of the inhabitants of a nation. Gears are primarily used in this industry in various types of weapons as well as in other components required for the proper operation of this industry. The use of bevel and several types of reduction gears is common in this industry.

2) Marine Industry: There is a huge demand for gears in the marine industry, which are generally used there in yachts, commercial ships, cruise liners, patrol boats, warships, and so. The gears used in this industry are usually referred as marine gears. These gears not only ensure huge power transmission, but high-speed as well.

3) Petrochemical Industry: As apparent from the name, petrochemical industry deals with the production of various types of useful chemicals. But, these valuable chemicals can’t be produced without the use of certain machines and equipment which are meant for the purpose. And again, such chemical production machinery require the use of several industrial gears like ground, helical, spur, and precision gears.

4) Earth Moving Industry: Earth moving industry is indispensable for the survival of construction and infrastructure development sectors, owing to the necessary equipment and machinery supplied by it for various crucial activities performed in these sectors. Gears like spur, helical, and planetary form an integral part of the machinery and vehicles used in the earth moving industry.

5) Power Generation Industry: Power generation or power industry is an industry that forms the basis of all other industries and sectors. As we all know, nothing can be done without power, hence this industry is very crucial. Gears play a vital role in making certain power generation equipment functional. This industry witnesses wide use of bevel, planetary, and internal gears.

Protecting your car: Alternative garage solution ideas

Your car or motorcycle is a great investment. Whether it’s the one you drive everyday, or the luxury vehicle you take for a spin every so often, it’s a valuable addition to your life, and one you want to protect. With the winter season approaching, unpleasant weather such as snow, ice, rain and sleet are arriving and those without a garage and the possibility to install one, are left wondering what to do. Here are a few ideas for alternative garage solutions:

Carports: This is a great solution for the winter months to protect your vehicle. If you live in a place where you only experience brutal winter weather a few months out of the year, you may not see the need to invest in something as permanent and as expensive as a garage. A carport is a great solution. It is usually free standing and provides a sturdy, uninsulated coverover your car so as to protect it from snow, sleet and rain. You can buy these wooden carports online, and many come in a kit with easy DIY setup. Or if you’re the hands-on type of person, simply buy the PDF plans and cut and mount your own wood. However, at AnyWeather Roofing LLC, they still recommend that you get it checked out by a professional to make sure that the roof of the carport is really going to protect your car from the elements. It’s better to be safe than sorry!


Shed: If you feel your automobile needs more protection, this is the closest you’ll get to a garage without spending all the money. It will provide a four wall structure for your vehicle, and much like a carport, they usually come in a kit. Easy DIY setup by you and you won’t have to pay a contractor to come and build or install it for you. If you live somewhere in the North and experience especially harsh winters for more than four months out of the year, you may want to consider this option.


Car covers: This may be the easiest solution to protect your car or motorcycle that warrants less fuss, as well as the most economic solution. It’s a great way to block sun, rain and snow and is relatively cheap, doing the trick. You can buy these car covers at any one of your local home stores or vehicle accessory stores. While there’s a host of different kinds of car covers out there, you should look to see that the cover you choose has the following qualities: weatherproof, dries easily, breathable, UV resistant, dust-proof, scratchless and compact.


This winter season, protect your goods: find the right solution for your car or motorcycle to protect against harsh weather and save yourself a bit of time and money in the process.

Change Tyres with Portable New-Age Equipment

Tyre Changer MachineTyres can run of their treads very quickly if not drove on smooth surfaces. The worst case scenario is a punctured tyre. The tyre changer machine is a mounting tool apparatus that allows the mechanic to remove and install the tyres back after repairing is done.


The Tyre changer machine is an important part of the wheel alignment and tyre installation assembly. It is laced with all the essential components and tools required to remove and reaffix the tyre from the wheel without spoiling the surface. Some manufacturers of the tyre changer machine even offer miniature apparatus to replace flat tyres on the roads. They can be kept in the boot for emergency situations.

What are the other common names used to describe the Tyre Changer Machine?

The conventional tyre changer machine is also called as Tyre mounting machine. It is available for passenger cars and heavy duty trucks. The tyre changer machine consists of following components:

–          Foot Pedals

–          Mounting system

–          Table Top

–          Clamps and Rims

–          Bead Releasing/ Loosening System

–          Tyre installation system


Foot pedal: The conventional tyre machine changer has two pedals. The pedal on the left hand side is called the Clamp Control Pedal while the pedal on the right hand side is the Table top Pedal. The table top spins in particular direction when the pedal is pressed or raised.


Tyre mounting system: The major parts of the Tyre mounting system are the Vertical slide and the Duckhead. The vertical slide has a spring and lock handle to control the way the tyre fits into the rim without scuffing the surface.

There is an air-pressure system in the Tyre changer machine to inflate the mounted tyres. It consists of hose, air inflation gauge, inflation pedal and and a pressure valve.


How a tyre installing operator uses the Tyre changer machine


–          The operator first finds the centre of the wheel and then secures it over the table top using the rim clamp. The wheel is fastened using the narrow bead ledge.

–          The bottom bead is then pushed into the well of the wheel. The top bead follows into the centre of the wheel directly under the duckhead.

–          The operator then rotates the table top by pressing the table top pedal.

–          The valve core in installed followed by tyre inflation process.

–          The inflated tyres pop out the bead ledge from the wheels.

–          The rim clamps are then released and tyre pressure is brought to the recommended volume as directed by the manufacturer.

Are Tyre changer Machines cross platform?

No, the tyre changer machines meant for one type of vehicle category can’t be used on other tyres. For instance, the tyre changer machine for a motorcycle can accommodate small wheel diameters of less than 10 inches. These certainly limit its usage for replacing tyres of heavy duty trucks.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Auto Navigation Systems and GPS

Auto navigation systems and GPS devices are everywhere you turn in this day and age. You can find them in your car, boat, plane, even in your purse (if you have a PDA or cell phone with GPS capabilities combined with the right software and/or subscriptions). If that isn’t enough for you, you also have the option and capability of turning your laptop computer into a GPS device if that is your desire. The thing that most people forget to check out or ask about when looking at all the nifty features of unit A over unit B is how easy is the unit you are considering to use?

Handheld GPS and auto navigation systems offer sensible solutions to common travel related problems. They will not have all the answers all the time but are a great help most of the time. There are many styles and types of GPS and auto navigation systems that are available in today’s market. Some people may not fully understand all of the neat tricks you can do with your GPS system. Here are a few things you may not have realized you can do with your GPS device.

1) You can always find the spot where you parked your car by marking it. Talk about a treasure hunt where “X” marks the spot!
2) You can track your route while hiking, biking, or horseback riding so that you can retrace your steps in order to find your way back where you started.
3) Some GPS devices can even allow you to ‘go it alone’ by offering the option of a digital compass rather than telling you step by step where to go (if this interests you, check the package details to see if this is available on the unit you are considering).
Keep in mind however that GPS and auto navigation systems aren’t fail safe. There are a few problems that the brochures, boxes, and salesmen might neglect to mention.

1) You still need to carry around an Atlas or road maps for backups as there are occasions when the data for GPS units may not be current or accurate. Remember that roads are built, close, and in need of repair and maintenance all the time. It’s nearly impossible to have one that is always correct up the minute.

2) These devices do not typically work well inside buildings or under dense forest cover.

3) Batteries, batteries, batteries. These are worse than digital cameras when it comes to burning through batteries. This is one reason that people tend to leave them charging at all times if you’re leaving your car with your unit be sure you have extra batteries for backup as it is quite likely that you will need them at the worst possible moment.

4) GPS units do not recognize the existence of mountains, rivers, and other obstructions in your path so the directions and coordinates they give can occasionally be misleading.

There are many pros and cons when it comes to not only auto navigation devices but also for handheld GPS devices as well. Be sure that you try out the model you are considering before you buy it if at all possible. This will make your decision much easier and allow you to see whether or not you will be able to easily use and understand the auto navigation system you choose.

Mileage Correction

Do you need Mileage Correction services?

Having trouble with the digital odometer in your car? Digital odometers are meant to be reliable but there are instances where problems can occur, especially if a flat battery is involved. Incorrect readings on the dashboard need to be addressed, especially if you are thinking of selling the car in the future. That’s where Mileage Correction comes in handy using quality Mileage Correction Software and it’s readily available through specialist suppliers.

Complete Mileage Correction is available for any make of car that has a digital dashboard. The latest software and equipment completes the Mileage Correction in next to no time and your car displays an accurate reading once more.

If you are experiencing problems with your digital dashboard have it looked at by Mileage Correction experts.

Why do I need Mileage Correction?

If there’s nothing wrong with the reading on the dashboard you don’t! Then again, if you experience problems with your dashboard and have to buy a new or second hand unit, Mileage Correction will be required using Mileage Correction Software.

Remember, it’s against the law to try to sell a car that displays an incorrect mileage. Buy a second hand unit that displays less miles and they’ll need to be altered accordingly. Whether the new reading is over or under, the correct mileage for the vehicle has to be displayed and professional Mileage Correction will be required.
Digital odometer adjustments are completed by experienced technicians who perform Mileage Correction on a range of modern vehicles.

What equipment is used during Mileage Correction?

State-of-the-art Mileage Correction Software and a vast range of Mileage Correction tools are used during digital odometer adjustments. Complete programming packages are available that incorporate a wide range of features. The Mileage Correction devices are fully compatible with all modern vehicles including prestigious brands like Mercedes and BMW. They provide advanced operating functions with full menu options and complete picture guidance for the operator.

Whether you are a customer looking for Mileage Correction for their vehicle, or a company that uses Mileage Correction Software, quality equipment is available to cater for your specific needs.

Which Vendor Is The Best Automotive Crm Solution For Today’s Small Dealerships?

Automotive CRM solutions are very competitive today, each with their own unique development history, along with list of necessary some times crucial features that can help you run your business more effectively. For a smaller dealership today choosing the right CRM solution provider can present itself as a challenge, one that is not so easy to meet. For one most of the CRM solutions you find on the market today are designed for the big dealerships, where new cars, used cars, parts, service departments are all rolled into one. This monster of a CRM solution usually means a big price tag, both on the setup fees, and the monthly cost, not to mention the long term and unfavorable contract you must commit to. Another problem is due to the complexity of the CRM solution, the big dealership CRM software is full of bugs, sometimes backward in technology. Because some of the CRM solution providers has been in business for many years, their core functionality and coding was done in the 1980s, and today without completely starting from scratch. These vendors choose to work with outdated technology just to save on additional development cost. Some of the vendors are still selling and pushing for CRM software that will be oblique in few years, and we are starting to see the effects today. With less and less support from Microsoft, and other big names. If your current CRM solution requires you to use a certain version of a browser (for example Internet Explorer 5, or 6) you should really be concerned, because pretty soon these browsers will be completely off the market. And then you will have a completely useless CRM solution with years of data that will be sitting idle.

Typically a smaller dealership will not have that many departments or unnecessary complexity to worry about, hence a lot simpler CRM solution is required, but at the same time the system should be powerful and proven solution to their unique marketing challenges. Some of the challenges facing the smaller dealers are: one the price tag, the smaller dealers wouldn’t want to pay a setup fee from $2000 to $10000, and they certainly don’t want to pay a monthly cost of $1500 – $5000. The smaller dealers will require something that is affordable to them, such as few hundreds per month with no setup fees, and on top of all support unlimited users without sacrificing on the technology and performance. When it comes to meeting their budget, there aren’t many CRM solutions that will fit the bill, and ones that do fit the bill are usually web based generic CRM solution that is not developed for automotive industry. The second challenge is I.T support, because many of the smaller dealers will not have the luxury of having constant I.T support, therefore their CRM solution should require minimal user training, with intuitive user interfaces. It should be easily understood and used by the management, instead of leaving all the CRM problems to your I.T department. Another feature that is required by the smaller dealer is quick turn around, when they receive a vehicle, or stocking in a vehicle into their inventory. They will need to get that car published on their web site quickly to gain instant traffic and sell the vehicle as quickly as possible without tying up too much resource for too long. This usually means an ease to use software that can be quickly deployed and connect directly with the dealer’s website to have instant upload capabilities and publish their online inventory with just few clicks.

The smaller dealers usually focus on their sales leads more than the bigger dealers, because every lead that comes in whether through the web or in person is valuable to their business. The system they will need to rely on not only can sort, filter, search the leads quickly. But it should be able to provide the ability to add appointments, follow up notes, and track the lead source which can generate sales performance reports on the fly. Another nice feature for the smaller dealers is the ability to self manage their own system, without calling for support, they can add, delete, manage their own user database which will save them valuable time and resources. Thank you for reading this article, it is brought to you by Dealer Elite CRM, your ultimate CRM solution for today’s cutting edge dealers.

5 Custom BMW Parts That Are a Must-Have

In the world of custom BMW parts; there are some that are a must-have and some BMW owners shouldn’t be caught dead with. We will focus on the aftermarket performance parts that every BMW owner should have on their precious vehicle.

Differentiating between must-have performance parts and those that can be ignored is quite simple. They should meet a certain set of standards. Do they increase performance? Are they high quality products? Will they be reliable for the foreseeable future?

If the answer is yes to all three then the upgrades could be considered must-have. For example; headers, exhaust, cooling upgrades, software tunes, and supercharger kits all fit the bill when it comes to custom BMW parts that are a must-have.


One of the most beneficial custom BMW parts to add to BMWs with a naturally aspirated, inline 6-cylinder is a pair of headers. Available for a multitude of BMW models, custom BMW headers can drastically improve performance when compared to the factory exhaust manifolds. Made of high-quality 304-stainless steel, custom BMW headers improve performance through reducing exhaust restriction and increasing exhaust flow.


Similar to a pair of headers, a custom BMW exhaust can great improve performance of the ultimate driving machine. With an exhaust for nearly every BMW model, an aftermarket BMW exhaust system could be considered one of the most popular performance upgrades.

Each exhaust system differs from model to model, however there is one consistent aspect high-quality exhaust systems share besides increasing performance. That is manicuring the legendary BMW sound.

Cooling Upgrades

Anytime one can reduce the temperatures within the intake manifold, they will see improvements in performance. With BMW transitioning to turbocharged applications over the past decade, there is not a better time to upgrade cooling components. If hot air isn’t cooled properly it can significantly hinder performance. In order to prevent this from happening it is highly suggested to install a custom BMW intercooler.

Generally an aftermarket intercooler is larger than stock. The additional volume created by the larger intercooler allows the hot air to cool more efficiently, and impacting performance in a positive way.

Software Tunes

Perhaps the only custom BMW part more popular than an exhaust system is a software tune. When compared to other custom BMW parts, tunes are generally less expensive and capable of getting the most performance for the price. Not all software tunes are the same however. It is safe to say all BMW tuners have different methods to getting more power out of the BMW. With this in mind, it is not always about which tune can create the most power, but which tune can create the most power reliably. A concept some BMW owners have yet to grasp.

Supercharger Kits

Supercharger Kit

Without a doubt the most expensive custom BMW parts, supercharger kits are also the most rewarding when it comes to adding more horsepower. Depending on the application, some kits are capable of adding over 200 extra horsepower. However, as with software tunes it is not always about which kit creates the most power. More importantly, which kit will create the most power reliably for the best price.

For auto scanning–ELM327 USB Scanner

Auto scanners play an important part in auto maintenance and repair. That’s why choosing an excellent scanner is essential for car owners or repairers.

ELM 327 USB is the latest PC-based(PC) scan tool for cars with CAN-BUS systems.It supports all OBD2 protocols and is compatible with many software, interconnecting with PC(laptop) via USB interface. The most updatest version is V1.5.

  1. 1. Excellent software

The OBD2 software ELM 327 USB used is free. After connecting your PC with the automotive computer, you can get all the required information by using the software.

This kind of software has an user-friendly interface, which helps operators easy to get started. Its installation is simple as well. You can begin to use by simply extracting the files to your computer hard drive folder. To uninstall the software, you just need to delete the whole folder.

  1. 2. Excellent fuctions

ELM 327 USB can diagnostic trouble codes, both generic and manufacturer-specific, and display their meaning (over 3000 generic code definitions in the database). Then, it will clear all the trouble codes and turn off rhe MIL. It will display the current sensor data as well.

  1. 3. Excellent improvement

This kind of scan tool is still evolving. In the near future, it will have other functions like data graphing and logging, freezing frame data, continuous and non-continuous Oxygen Sensor test results etc. Those functions will make ELM 327 USB do better in auto repair.

  1. 4. Excellent Fitness

ELM 327 USB can work with more than 80% car models. Whatever cars, Benz, BMW, Citroen, Honda, Hyundai,Kia,Mazda,Mitsubishi,Nissan, Peugeot, Toyota and so on, as long as they can apply with OBD2 procotol.

This advantage makes ELM 321 USB standing out among all the similar scanners, as it will help save your budget. Just with this scanner, you can diagnose more than one cars, which will be very favored, especially for auto repairers who need to operate with different car models. You just need to pay the price for one scanner, but you can get fuctions of more scanners. Why do you still hesitate?

To get one ,please go to, where offers high quality ELM 321 USB at a competitive price.

AMS RO Writer Automotive Management Software: Taking Care of Repair Orders One Customer at a Time

When working inside of the independent automotive repair industry, one has to consider how to make it a financial success.   One has to consider the shop space, the cost of the equipment, the cost of parts, the cost of labor, as well as the cost of marketing.  Even if one were to build an independent automotive repair shop right in the middle of town, there are no guarantees that people are going to visit it.

Defining what services the company is going to offer, hiring qualified employees for the job, and keeping the shop organized are only a few of the steps required for successfulautomotive shop management.  The staff needs a solid repair order software to identify vehicle’s problems.   For example, in an ideal world, the automotive shop software will recognize a customer’s car.  A couple years ago, the individual had bought four Michelin tires that had a 2 year/20,000 warranty.  That customer was happy with the tires so the automotive shop software will suggest these tires again.   Because the automotive shop software sends out alerts to the shop manager when certain inventory parts get low, there is always a constant supply of Michelin tires.  Let’s just say for instance that this one time, there weren’t any tires.  The software will connect the shop owner to four or five different suppliers in the area.  It will show the base prices of the tires so that the manager can purchase them at the best rate possible.

AMS RO Writer does all of these things with just a press of a button.  It remembers the customer’s car, what parts it used, what parts it needs, and then finds out suppliers for those individual parts.  Shop owners have saved a lot of money by using this technique.

Another way that RO Writer is better than other Point of Sale systems is that it is specific to the automotive industry.  With easy to use reporting systems, RO Writer helps you track the progress of our staff to make sure that your customer’s needs are being met.  Because this automotive software shoots out repair quotes within sixty seconds, you and your staff can service more cars per day which will increase profits.

RO Writer also sends invoices to the customers who are late on payments.  This automatic invoicing system works particularly well for automotive repair shops who offer fleet services.  With old invoicing system, some customers fall through the cracks. Shop owners get too busy sometimes with orders and repairs that invoices are not sent out on a timely basis.  RO Writer makes sure that your company’s invoices are being sent out on a timely basis.   By tracking and managing your receivable accounts, you will be able to spend more time networking and marketing your company so that you can have more business. You will be seeing an increase in revenue immediately from using this automotive repair software.  AMS has weekly and monthly classes to help you learn how to use this valuable software.

The Best Automotive Repair Software for Small and Independent Car Shops

Due to the general financial struggle in America, car owners are turning to independent car shops for repairs and services.  People don’t want to spend half of their paycheck (if they are lucky enough to have one) at the dealership.  They need to find ways to save money.  Independent service shops and car repair shops across the nation have been amping up their business strategies to meet the consumer demand.  Every great auto shop has either ASE certified technicians and factory trained mechanics—if they don’t they are likely to succumb in our struggling economy.  But qualified mechanics are only one part of managing a successful independent auto repair shop.  The business needs to have, at the base of its foundation, a solid automotive repair software.

Why?  The automotive industry is too complicated to be successful without automotive repair software. Profit Boost is a company that emerged straight out of the automotive industry.  There are so many more factors to consider now besides catalytic converters and faulty transmission system.  The average car is equipped with computer systems.  There are so many more car-specific inventory parts that independent auto shops need to have than thirty years ago.  As cars become more computerized and electrical, the more automotive specific software the company needs to utilize in order to keep up with the demand.

Shop owners and managers can now access required inventory directly online by using Profit Boost, the industry’s number one automotive repair software.  A large team of automotive professionals grouped together to program an online management system specifically designed for independent car shops.

This automotive repair software keeps track of inventory, provides reliable repair orders, and tracks customers and vehicles.  The key to any successful auto repair shop is to have solid automotive repair software.  It is absolutely imperative to have one in order to keep up with all the changes in cars.

India’s leading auto pistons and cylinder liners manufacturing company

The automotive industry is amongst the leaders in search engine marketing. The automotive sector is one of India’s largest and fastest growing manufacturing sectors. This ranked India as the 11th largest passenger car producer in the world. In the category of motorcycles and scooters, India is ranked 1st and 2nd respectively. With India increasingly liberalizing its market place, many new joint ventures evolved, resulting in close to 2 dozen global auto manufacturers setting up shop in India. The automotive industry is amongst the leaders in search engine marketing. In India kromauto-is a leading pistons, cylinder liners, auto pistons, piston cylinder , piston rings Manufacturer Company in India and import export pistons, cylinder liners, auto piston rings, piston cylinder, kits, auto parts all over the India & abroad. Automotive industry is the Search engine marketing is very important for businesses, as the automotive industry is hyper competitive and multi-faceted.

Import: – Kromauto- is automotive related imports are largely in auto parts. These imports will feed the manufacturing plants, producing vehicles for domestic market as well as export market. In India kromauto is a leading importer of auto pistons and cylinder liners in India as well as abroad. The demand from the domestic market increases with rising affluence, production will increase in tandem, hence requiring more imports of parts, especially those of higher precision which still cannot be done in India. Global players in India still need to import fairly large amount of auto parts for their automobile assembly as quality and technological standards of auto parts sourced from within India may not meet their high standards. The expected Increase in exports of India-made vehicles will also contribute to import growth of auto parts.

Export: – Kromauto- is automotive related exports expanded rapidly in recent years. auto pistons exports grew at a compound annual growth rate of 46% between 2009 and 2010. Export share of production increased from 3% in 2009 to 8% in 2010. The growth is boosted by these several factors such as India’s cost competitiveness in terms of labor and raw material; established manufacturing base; economies of scale due to domestic market; potential to harness global brand image of the parent company, as well as the global hub policy for small cars like Hyundai, Suzuki, etc. Most automotive exports go to developing countries in Asia, where inexpensive cars can find a market. Egypt, Kenya and Nigeria are important destinations for India’s automotive exports. More recently, as the quality and technology of India-made automobiles have improved and met stringent requirement of the international market, some cars have found buyers even in Western Europe.

Choose From An Exclusive Range Of Custom Carbon Fiber Parts For Cars

Carbon fiber is a material composed of fibers and carbon atoms. Typically combined with other materials to form a composite, carbon fiber is widely applicable in a number of industries. When combined with plastic resin and molded, it forms carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer, which has high strength-to-weight ratio and is rigid, almost brittle. It can also be combined with other materials like graphite, an extremely carbon-carbon composite with high heat tolerance properties. Unique properties of carbon fiber make it an ideal material for manufacturing automotive parts and electronics. Other industries wherein carbon fiber is used include aerospace, civil engineering, military, and motors ports and competition sports. Some of the recognized properties of carbon fiber are low weight, high tensile strength, stiffness, chemical resistance, high temperature tolerance and low thermal expansion.

In recent years, the global demand on carbon fiber composites has increased by leaps and bounds. Though glass fibers and plastic fibers are available in the market as alternative materials, neither of them can take over the need of carbon fiber. When compared to similar fibers, carbon fiber is more durable and pricey material. The global automotive industry heavily relies on carbon fiber for manufacturing different automobile parts. Increasing demand of carbon fiber in the market remains directly attributable to its high strength, stiffness, heat resistance and light weight.

Development of global automotive industry has run parallel to the growing demand of cars in the majority of all human societies. As a result, today’s market has flooded with more durable and reliable car parts, and surprisingly indeed most of them are made from carbon fiber, be it door steps, gear shift knobs or front hood.

For many, a car is more of a vehicle used for transportation. The worldwide community of luxury car owners add cars to their distinguished style, class and status. No matter whichever the model of car you have, installing it with quality-proven parts and accessories is essential to ensure its optimum functionality and look. When buying car parts, quality is the first and foremost thing you should consider. If you are looking for car parts that guarantee exceptional quality, longevity and matchless appearance, carbon fiber parts are the best choice. You can choose from a wide range of custom carbon fiber car parts online. Available in various designs, sizes and specifications, these parts can fit in any model of car. You can also avail them at market-leading prices.

Automotive Consulting firm: 5 Most Important Steps

An automotive industry is basically a unit that deals in the manufacturing of automobiles. All the work like designing automobiles, manufacturing it, marketing it etc. are undertaken by this industry. If you are starting up with a new industry then you may require a number of different resources which can help you understand the market entry strategy or know other aspects. This is where automotive consultants can help you. They can help you get reports and information which can help you improve your business as well.

How automotive Consulting help us in automotive Market

Managing an automotive industry without any external help is not easy as there are many things which influence it. Therefore in order to recognize these things, you can hire automotive consultants who can provide you with automotive market research and can come up with customized solution for all your problems. They can provide you with market entry strategy which can help you get the required information about the industry.

Here are the 5 most important steps by which the consultants can help you with your industry-

The automotive consulting provide you with –

1. Market analysis– for an efficient automobile industry, it is important that you have a good market analysis. It is not possible for you to do so by yourself as it is time taking and requires in depth research. The consultants have good automotive market research with them and you can simply contact them to get the same.
2. Customer analysis may also be required by you as it helps you to recognize your target clients and focus your production on them.

3. Once you have delivered your results to your costumer, you also need to get reports on customer satisfaction so that you may be able to judge your own work. Here again the consultants can help you know about the same and can get you the result.

4. The automotive consultants can also help you plan your growth strategy which can help you improve your industry. They can help you introduce changes which can earn you good profit and can also help you stay competitive.

5. When providing you with the solutions related to the automotive industry, the consultants also deal with the risk assessment which allows you to understand the industry well and work according to it.

Market research on automotive in india

Press Release

The automotive industry in India is one of the world most prominent economic zones. Many business enterprises jointly undertaken by more companies, who share the initial investment, risks, and profits with foreign association in automotive sector. The Government of India (GoI) has allowed 100 per cent foreign equity investments.

Our report “Automotive in India” elucidates overview, exports, dominated by domestic players on the subject of two wheelers, three wheelers, passenger vehicle and commercial vehicle.

It also covers the details regarding evolution of automobile industry from five players to more than 35 players on market overview. The key trends catering details on exchange outreach ranges, CNG distribution, improving product-development capabilities, increase of auto-financing activity in India by RBI.

The most modern commence of Tata Nano, the world’s most low-priced car has positioned the Indian automobile market on the global automotive chart and this reports reveals placement of Indian industry is expected to be seventh-largest automobile market by 2016. There are enormous opportunities for various company players including manufacturers’ automobile components players. Our report “Automotive industry in India” moreover broadly scrutinized the current performance and upcoming outlook of automotive industries. FDI investment between 2000 and 2010 are provided on the aspect of investment And data sets are provided from 2000 through to 2016.


Report Highlights:
 New forecast of Indian automotive and related activity to 2015.
 Market Analysis of automobile industry in India
 Detailed study of PVs, Tri-wheeler, Two-Wheeler Production and exports in India
 World passenger car Companies are taking advantage of India as a manufacturing base
Report Features:
 Market Segments on Automobile industry
 Demand on Foreign Direct investments in India
 Market Overview on Automobiles production and exports in India
 Indian Automotive Rankings
 Focus on Domestic and Foreign investments


Industry infrastructure
 Growth drivers
 Key trends
 Key players-Domestics
 Key players-International
 Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) in automobile industry
 Investments by international companies
Policy and regulatory outline
 Auto policy 2002
 Automotive mission plan (AMP) 2006-2010
 National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP)
 Department of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises
 Policy schemes for Automobile industry
 Favourable regulatory policies
 R&D centres in India by international players
 Emerging R&D destination –India
 Zone wise NATRiP centres in India
 Product Development capabilities
 MNCs & Sourcing plan in India
 Scope of Imminent Small car segments
Key contacts


List of Tables:

Table1: Automobile production and exports 2005-2010(US$ Billions)

Table2: Key players-Domestics

Table3: Key players-International

Table4: MNCs & Sourcing plan in India

Table5: Scope of Imminent Small car segments

Table6: Two-wheeler production in India (2009-2010)

Table7: Two-wheeler exports in India (2009-2010)

Table8: Production of Passenger vehicles

Table9: Passenger Vehicle exports from India

Table10: Commercial Production in India

Table11: Commercial exports from India

Table12: Three wheeler–Production and exports trends

Table13: FDI in Automobile industry

Table14: MNCs & Sourcing plan in India

Table15: Scope of Imminent Small car segments

List of Figures:

Figure1: India Advantages-Vision 2015

Figure2: Automobile production and exports 2005-2010(US$ Billions)

Figure3: Automobile production in 2009–2010 segments wise

Figure4: Indian Automotive Industry Ranking

Figure5: Evolution of automobile industry from 5- 35 players

Figure6: Automotive group on India Zones

Sheet Metal Stamping In The Automotive Industry

Historically, sheet metal stamping has been used extensively to produce automotive body panels. Although sheet metal stamping use has decreased with the advent of fiberglass body panels, sheet metal stamping is still the most popular material for manufacturing automobiles today. The addition of lasers and robotics to the automobile manufacturing process has further expanded the way that sheet metal stamping is processed.


Lasers have been used in production facilities since the 1960’s. Today, they are used to cut, form holes, engrave, weld or heat treat sheet metal stamping for use in automotive production.

Lasers are used in applications that rely on precise measurements and exact alignments.

The adjustment of lasers is measured in micrometers, or millionths of a meter.

There are many different types of lasers used to alter sheet metal stamping and plastics in the automotive industry.

Carbon dioxide laser- uses a mixture of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and helium to produce a continuous laser output

Continuous-wave laser- this type of laser produces light beams continuously rather than in controlled pulses

Excimer laser-emits light in a UV spectrum that is used for producing high quality edges on parts that are prone to cracking or thermal damage; it falls into the category of pulsed-gas lasers

Gas laser-any laser that uses a gas mixture as the lasing medium; common gases are argon and carbon dioxide

Pulsed laser-emits light in controlled pulses and is preferred for thin materials ; it can be used to create intricate details and work in tight corners without burning

Ruby laser-a solid state laser that uses a synthetic ruby crystal with a chromium impurity as the lasing medium

Solid-state laser-a type of laser that uses a crystal or glass as the host for an impurity to produce the lasing action; especially useful for precise measuring and spot welding

Yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) laser-ranges in power from a few milliwatts to more than 400 watts; used for cutting, drilling, heat treating and welding operations


Robotics are often used for repetitive tasks, monotonous jobs or those parts of the manufacturing process that are physically difficult or take place in environmentally unpleasant conditions. They are directed by computer programs and perform precise operations without human intervention.

Lasers and robotics have significantly increased the speed at which sheet metal stamping can be processed in the automotive manufacturing process. Continued technological advancements in these two areas will further increase the cost effectiveness and productivity of automotive manufacturing facilities.

Better than Steel: Magnesium Alloys in the Automotive Industry

For years, the auto industry has touted the use of and need for steel in trucks, cars, and sport utility vehicles. Then, the public began asking for a more fuel efficient, less emissive, and cheaper vehicle. Newer, more environmentally sound cars are answering this call. Surprisingly, they have accomplished this without the use of the industry’s beloved steel. The kicker is that consumers didn’t notice the material switch.

The Mysterious Steel Substitute
Contrary to belief, magnesium alloys are much lighter than steel, cost less to fabricate, and make cars much more fuel efficient and “green”. The alloy is all of the following:

  • A quarter of the weight of steel, but just as strong. In fact, magnesium is the lightest of all metals used to build cars, buildings, and other structures like bridges.
  • More impact resistant. Magnesium alloys absorb more of the impact’s energy. They are therefore more resistant to dents.
  • The dampening capacity or ability to reduce noise and vibration is also much higher than that of steel.
  • Magnesium is less rigid and bends easier than steel, making it easier to fabricate.

The alloy isn’t actually new. It was discovered in 1755 by Joseph Black and isolated in 1808. The search for a more efficient and abundant material has led researchers to experiment with magnesium alloys in the place of the more traditional materials like steel that doesn’t perform as expected. The aforementioned factors have made the alloy a newfangled contraption in the auto industry.
The Faces of Magnesium in Automotives
Some of the first uses for magnesium in automotives were inside the car. Die cast steering columns, engine blocks, and chassis were just some of the uses for the alloy in cars. The vehicles were much lighter, used less gas, and had less emission as a result. Eventually, seat frames, dash panels, and the track that held the sunroof were also cast from magnesium. Naturally, the next step became taking the alloy to the outside of the car.

Magnesium alloy sheeting made roof panels, hoods, oil pans and other outer elements of the common car lighter, stronger, and more resistant to impact. Expense was a concern for the die casting process, but the sheeting is less expensive because it requires less compression force to create, allows for parts consolidation and simpler designs. In addition, magnesium alloys have a shrinkage rate that is very predictable and less energy is required to make the sheets.

The alloy is thus a step above steel, without a sacrifice in safety. One of the common misconceptions is that cars made from magnesium alloy as opposed to steel are less safe. You now know that the opposite is true. Magnesium alloys may just replace steel completely in the future.

CBS Consultants Are Advancing Businesses in the Automotive Industry

There are variety of business opportunities you can pursue within the automotive industry. However, the success of your endeavors rests on your ability to continuously assess and improve your company. CBS consulting services have been utilized by an array of businesses within the automotive sector. The consultants at Corporate Business Solutions Inc. are knowledgeable and experienced in taking businesses to the next step. The following are great examples of how CBS consulting can be used to advance your automotive business.


Rick was the owner of a popular franchise that sells automotive tools and products for vehicles. He was already in the business for 5 years at the time he employed the consulting services from CBS. Soon after, he learned that he was his own worst enemy. He was a tough boss, but frequently got in the way of his employees’ efficiency. Rick thought he was being a good manager by getting involved in his workers’ jobs. However, he found out that this was inhibiting his success. The business’s profits were lackluster and there was no strategic plan in place that would promote company growth.


This is when the consultant from CBS was brought in. The consultant provided Rick with sound advice – focus more on strategic growth and less on daily operations.


Another automotive client that used CBS consulting services was a diesel mechanic named Mark. His shop was established in 1979, yet he still hadn’t figured out how to adequately run his business. Mark worked long hours and had little rest and was on the verge of closing up shop. After being approached by a consultant from Corporate Business Solutions Inc., he agreed to having his company evaluated. Once completed, he was told by the senior business analyst that he was in a boat with holes and was bailing water. What he needed to do was simply plug the holes.


Mark and the consultant continued to work together. There was concern from his son and daughter that the consulting services would be costly. However, they came to learn that having the expertise of a consultant benefited their business greatly. It was revealed why his business was struggling: lost minutes turned into lost dollars, disorganization leading to losses and parts being left off tickets.


After evaluating the problems, the consultant began working on solutions. New inventory controls were put in place to minimize losses in inventory. New reports were also developed to run the business. The consultant assisted with collections and put Mark’s children in position to run the company using the new systems, once Mark retired. All aspects of the business were tracked using the new procedures put in by the consultants.


Mark’s son was so thrilled with the results of the consultancy that he had thoughts of expansion. He made a proposal to Mark about using the new systems to expand. His son followed through, opening three new businesses using the new systems. The company grown from four mechanics to 10 mechanics due to the organization of the consultants.


CBS’s experts also put together a succession plan, strategic tax plan and asset protection plan, which paid for the consulting services and would continue to offer Mark tax savings in the years ahead. Due to the consultancy, Mark now has more time to spend with his grandchildren and partake in personal hobbies.


These are just a couple of examples of how CBS consulting services have been acquired for business success. There are a variety of services and tools offered that can improve a company’s efficiency, profitability and productivity. Once a thorough analysis has been employed, solutions are drawn up and implemented.

Automotive Industry and Other Sectors Generate Jobs in Chennai

Chennai is one of the most important metropolitan cities of south India. The infrastructural facilities in and around Chennai are of high quality. This has helped in the rapid development of the place which attracted large number of industries to this area. Large numbers of corporations have setup their offices in Chennai.  

Industries in Chennai

Automobile industry is a major contributor for the growth of the region. Other industries including information technology, tourism, hospitality and education have added to the economic betterment of Chennai. Just as all sorts of economic development create employment on large scale, the growth of the Chennai’s economy has created a large number of job opportunities in and around this important metropolis of southern India.

Chennai the capital of Tamil Nadu and a very important metropolitan city of the southern part of India it has ample scope of jobs for both fresher and experienced people. Job hunters from across the country come to Chennai to get satisfactory employment according to their profile. The automobile industry is one of the biggest employers of the region followed by IT, hospitality and tourism. Here goes a detailed discussion about the job opportunities in these sectors of Chennai.

Automotive Industry of Chennai

Chennai has attained a lot of marks in terms of industrial growth. Large manufacturing houses have established their factories in different parts of Chennai and nearby locations. This has helped in the concentration of large number of offices in Chennai. Among the various sectors that have contributed to the industrial growth of Chennai, the automobile industry holds a special position. It has remarkably performed well not only in India but also across the globe. Many globally acclaimed automobile companies have their origin in the state of Tamil Nadu and its capital Chennai. With growth of the automotive industry – job opportunities in Chennai has increased manifold.

Ashok Leyland is one such company which is based in Chennai having global acclamation by being the fourth largest manufacturer of buses globally. TVS Motors which is again one of the leading automobile brands that has got global appraisal is also headquartered at Chennai. Being originally based in Chennai there is a huge scope for getting jobs in the top management positions of these companies. Therefore, MBA graduates find a great incentive to hunt for jobs here. While the two leading automobile firms have headquarters in Chennai, there are many more such smaller firms that operate from the state of Tamil Nadu.

Besides these Indian brands of automobiles a large number of foreign companies have also established their production units in and around Chennai. Vehicle engineering firms like BMW, Caterpillar, Hyundai and Ford have manufacturing units in Chennai. Among other companies having operations in Chennai Royal Enfield, MRF, Mahindra and Mahindra and Maruti Suzuki are just few names. All these companies collectively employ a large number of individuals in various sections of their factories and offices. The presence of so many automobile companies makes it possible for the mechanical engineers to find jobs in these companies. A lot of marketing jobs are also created by the automotive industry of Chennai.

Jobs in the IT Sector of Chennai

Just like all other parts of India, information technology has found a lot of importance in the state of Tamil Nadu at large and in Chennai in particular. Some of the best IT solution firms have their origin from the south of India. Therefore, Chennai being an important city in south India, many IT solution companies have setup their offices in Chennai. IT jobs in Chennai have been equally supported by the various institutions in Chennai that provide education facilities for several subjects such as computer applications, software and hardware engineering, etc. Many companies such as Wipro, TCS, Capegemini, etc have their units in Chennai where there is huge opening for fresher and experienced candidates from different streams.

Jobs in Tourism and Hospitality Sector of Chennai

India is one of the economies of the world with the fastest growth rate for tourism sector. India receives a huge number of foreign tourists every year, which was approximately 6.9 million in 2011. The top 3 states that are mostly visited by the foreign tourists include Tamil Nadu. Hence, the tourism sector of Chennai is quite big. This generates job opportunities in Chennai either directly in the tourism sector or in certain related sectors like hospitality. Large numbers of sophisticated hospitality services such as hotels, restaurants, etc have developed in Chennai. These create huge scope for the employment in Chennai’s tourism and hospitality sector.

Kia Sorento and Hyundai Sonata & Santa Fe K&N Intakes

Replacement Air Filter for 2010 Kia Sorento, Hyundai Santa Fe 2.4L and 3.5L and the 2011 Hyundai Sonata 2.4L

Replacement Air Filter for 2010 Kia Sorento, Hyundai Santa Fe 2.4L and 3.5L and the 2011 Hyundai Sonata 2.4L Kia has been revamping and redesigning the new Sorento crossover style SUV by restructuring the platform and focusing on sizing it down without losing power.

Restriction Chart for 2010 Kia Sorento, Hyundai Santa Fe 2.4L and 3.5L and the 2011 Hyundai Sonata 2.4L

Restriction Chart for 33-2448 Air Filter

Hyundai has also worked to make the latest fuel efficient Sonata and Santa Fe models more desirable to consumers.

K&N has developed a high-flow air filter, part number 33-2448, that was designed to deliver more power and performance to several of these models.  See model list below.  The 33-2448 simply drops into the existing air box.  It can go up to 50,000 miles before servicing is needed depending on driving conditions.

The 33-2448 air filter is backed with one of the industry’s best limited warranties as K&N guarantees it for 1,000,000 miles.  The new 33-2448 offers excellent performance and protection to help keep your Sorento, Sonata or Santa Fe running for many years to come. This filter is available at local and online authorized K&N dealers.

K&N’s 33-2448 Air Filter fits the following models:
2010 KIA SORENTO 3.5L V6
2010 KIA SORENTO 2.4L L4

K&N Engineering, of Riverside, California, is the inventor and leading innovator of reusable cotton gauze filter technology for automotive applications. From humble beginnings as a family run business over 35 years ago, K&N Engineering, now a truly global company with offices in the U.K. and the Netherlands, continues to exist as a family owned business with an enthusiast mindset and a direct connection with motor sports that carries over throughout all levels of management and manufacturing.

Today, K&N exists as both the sales and brand leader for performance filters, and maintains a stocking catalogue of over 3,500 part numbers, including an extensive line of both factory replacement drop-in filters, FIPK (Fuel Injection Performance Kit) applications, and its line of innovative Performance Gold oil filters.

Building The Batmobile Car From The Movie: “Batman” and “Batman Returns” (1989 & 1992)

The second most famous Batmobile (George Barris’ iconic 1966 Lincoln Futura conversion for the Batman TV series being the first) is Anton Furst’s Batmobile designed for Tim Burton’s 1989 “Batman” movie starring Michael Keaton.  It was also featured in his 1992 sequal, “Batman Returns, ” where it was destroyed fairly early on in the film.  This was the last official Batmobile until the movie “Batman Forever” in 1995.  (See my articles on all the Batmobiles at

Tim Burton’s movie, “Batman,” gave a dark, mysterious, Gothic look to the Batmobile, Batman, and the film in general.  The Superhero’s mode of transportation took on a new, race-car style with entry through an enclosed cabin with slide back roof, rear fins over the wheels, and a prominent jet turbine running the full length of the car and protruding through the nose.

One major difference in the replicas of this Batmobile is that they are often “street legal,” meaning the owners can drive them in more than just parades.  One Bat-winged replica was built by “Putsch Racing” from a tube frame chassis with a Corvette drive-train and an independent suspension.  It features a canopy that opens and is fitted with fun gadgets.

The car’s designer, Anton Furst, built it with two separate chassis from Chevrolet Impalas, and a Chevy V8 engine (the turbine was just for appearances).  The Batmobile sported several weapons in the movie, as any good Super Car should.  There were bombs that  dropped from the wheel hubs, forward facing machine guns and side mounted shin breakers.  It featured a canopy that opened and was fitted with fun gadgets, like retractable machine guns that fire blanks. The scene stealing, most famous Batmobile weapon has to be the grappling hook that shot out sideways and attached to lamp posts, enabling the car to make left or right turns at high speed… without even slowing down.  As for it’s Super defences, the Batmobile boasts armour plating to envelop the car like an armadillo, oil slick dispensers and smoke emitters to hide it from evil doers in chase.


Machine Guns


Grappling Hook

Side Fins Hydraulic Lifts

Batdisc Thrower

The Batmobile Turbine

To squeeze through any narrow space, the Batmobile will “jetison” its side and tail section and contract it’s wheels, transforming into a sleek super-streamlined Batmissile.


The Batmobile was created to be the ultimate automobile in engineering, style and design. This Superhero of the automotive industry was handcrafted with all the latest in space-age materials, alloys and parts, and covered with a whopping 70 coats of black pearl acrylic lacquers.  It’s an electronic genius filled with “big boy toys” in the form of gadgets, computers, calculators and voice-control.  The sexy, sleek interior boasts contoured seats, aircraft instrumentation and a weapon system that includes two Browning sub-machine guns.  It’s powerful exterior features a Jet turbine engine that delivers 1,5000 lbs. of thrust, powering the batmobile from 0 to 60 MPH in less than 3.7 seconds.

Torque: 1750 lbs./ft. at 98.7% ROS

0 to 60 MPH: 3.7 sec,

Top Speed: Unknown

Brake Rating: Excellent

Wheelbase: 141.0 in.

Length: 260.7 in.

Width: 94.4 in.

Height: 51.2 in.

Wheels: Cast alloy, 15 x 6.5

Tires: High aspect L60-15

Fuel Requirement: High octane 97% special


Buy Ferrari Carbon Fiber Parts Online

All automobile parts, which carry a high-priced tag, don’t necessarily guarantee optimum quality, durability and reliability. Some are acclaimed for their matchless designs, some feature longevity, while others are resistant to wear. So, don’t just go with the price only when buying parts for your car. Instead, look for their guaranteed features and the material used in making them. Most automobile parts are made from metals, fiberglass or carbon fiber. Though all the parts have some distinct attributes, always look for carbon fiber parts if you want to reap long-term benefits out of your purchase.

Composed of fibers and carbon atoms, carbon fiber is a material that finds extended usage in many industries: including electrical, automobile, aerospace, civil engineering, military, etc. When combined with other materials, carbon fiber forms other composites. It can also be combined or molded with plastic to form carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer, a rigid almost brittle material with high strength-to-weight ratio.

Carbon fiber is known to have high heat tolerance properties. It also features light weight, stiffness, high tensile strength, low thermal expansion and chemical resistance. These unique properties together make carbon fiber an ideal material for manufacturing automobile parts. Carbon fiber, is however, more pricey than other alternative materials.

The global automotive industry has a significant reliance on carbon fiber composites. As the demand of carbon fiber grows worldwide, automakers have started using this material in manufacturing automobile parts. Nowadays, a wide range of carbon fiber parts is available in the market for every car. Glass fibers and plastic fibers are other alternative materials that can be used to manufacture automobile parts. But they have no match with carbon fiber.

When buying parts for your car, you look for a more reliable and less expensive options. However, quality and cut price don’t go hand in hand. Compromising with one will affect other. For example if you choose to buy inexpensive parts, you have to compromise with their quality. But luxury car owners often look ignorant about prices. They just believe in quality. If you you are looking to buy Ferrari 458 carbon fiber parts, you don’t probably have multiple choices in the market. Since there are a limited number of Ferrari dealers, accessing them becomes difficult for the Ferrari owners. You can however minimize your efforts by visiting online stores that offer a full line of Ferrari carbon fiber parts for sale. These parts feature easy installation, excellent functionality, wear and tear resistance and light weight.

Design and optimization of convection efficiency of radiator by using brass alloys


The internal combustion engine in an automobile is a complex piece of machinery made up of 150 moving parts. The cylinder in the IC engine withstands the high explosive force developed during the combustion process and also the very high temperature ranging from 2,0000C to over 2,8000C during operation. Radiators are used for removing the heat developed during the combustion process. The same phenomenon takes place in, railway locomotives, piston-engined aircraft, stationary generating plant or any similar use of such an engine.

Automotive cooling system operates by passing a liquid coolant through the engine block, where the heat from engine is absorbed, then through the radiator where it loses this heat to the atmosphere. This coolant is usually water-based. It is usual for the coolant flow to be pumped, also for a fan to blow air through the radiator. The radiator transfers the heat from the fluid inside to the air outside, thereby cooling the engine.

Automobile radiators are constructed of a pair of header tanks, linked by a core with many narrow passageways, thus a high surface area relative to its volume. This core is usually made of stacked layers of metal sheet, pressed to form channels and soldered or brazed together. For many years radiators were made from brass or copper cores soldered to brass headers. Modern radiators save money and weight by using plastic headers and may use aluminium cores. This construction is less easily repaired than traditional materials.

From the birth of the earliest automobiles to the early 1970s, radiators made from copper and brass were in 100% of cars and trucks. In the 1970s, the radiator environment changed. In the wake of the world oil crisis there were urgent calls for ways to reduce fuel consumption. Major automobile manufacturers in Europe and the U.S. began making cars and trucks with lighter materials.

For radiators, this translated to aluminium, which is one third the density of copper/brass and can handle heat fairly well despite its many shortcomings. In its raw state (although not as radiator strip), aluminium is also less expensive. As a result, over the past 20 years, aluminium has taken first place as the metal for radiators in new cars (56% – 44%), even though copper/brass still holds a two-thirds majority of the overall radiator market. In the aftermarket copper/brass reigns supreme with 89%.

When corroded or damaged, for example, aluminium radiators are far more costly to repair than copper/brass radiators. Moreover, aluminium radiators are particularly prone to coolant-side, pin-hole corrosion. When this occurs, the radiator is irreparable. At recent times the copper/brass industry has identified several new technologies that would make the difference in producing a lighter, stronger, more durable copper/brass radiator.


Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc; the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to create a range of brasses with varying properties. Brass is a substitutional alloy. As it is softer than most other metals in general use, brass is often used in situations where it is important that sparks not be struck, as in fittings and tools around explosive gases. Brass has a muted yellow color, which is somewhat similar to gold. It is relatively resistant to tarnishing, and is often used as decoration and for coins. The malleability and acoustic properties of brass have made it the metal of choice for brass musical instruments.
Brass has higher malleability than bronze or zinc. The relatively low melting point of brass (900 to 940°C, depending on composition) and its flow characteristics make it a relatively easy material to cast. By varying the proportions of copper and zinc, the properties of the brass can be changed, allowing hard and soft brasses. The density of brass is approximately 8400 to 8730 kilograms per cubic metre (equivalent to 8.4 to 8.73 grams per cubic centimetre).
Today almost 90% of all brass alloys are recycled. Because brass is not ferromagnetic, it can be separated from ferrous scrap by passing the scrap near a powerful magnet. Brass scrap is collected and transported to the foundry where it is melted and recast into billets. Billets are heated and extruded into the desired form and size.
Aluminium makes brass stronger and more corrosion resistant. Aluminium also causes a highly beneficial hard layer of aluminium oxide (Al2O3) to be formed on the surface that is thin, transparent and self healing. Tin has a similar effect and finds its use especially in sea water applications (naval brasses). Combinations of iron, aluminium, silicon and manganese make brass wear and tear resistant.


Aluminium is a silvery white metal having the symbol Al and its atomic number is 13.  Aluminium is the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust, and the third most abundant element, after oxygen and silicon. Aluminium is too reactive chemically to occur in nature as a free metal. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals. The chief source of aluminium is bauxite ore. Aluminium is remarkable for the metal’s low density and for its ability to resist corrosion. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and are very important in other areas of transportation and building.
Aluminium is a soft, durable, lightweight, ductile and malleable metal with appearance ranging from silvery to dull gray, depending on the surface roughness. Aluminium is non-magnetic and non-sparking. The yield strength of pure aluminium is 7–11 MPa, while aluminium alloys have yield strengths ranging from 200 MPa to 600 MPa. Aluminium has about one-third the density and stiffness of steel. It is easily machined, cast, drawn and extruded. Corrosion resistance can be excellent due to a thin surface layer of aluminium oxide that forms when the metal is exposed to air, effectively preventing further oxidation. The strongest aluminium alloys are less corrosion resistant due to galvanic reactions with alloyed copper. This corrosion resistance is also often greatly reduced when many aqueous salts are present, particularly in the presence of dissimilar metals.
Aluminium is a good thermal and electrical conductor, having 62% the conductivity of copper. Aluminium is 100% recyclable without any loss of its natural qualities. Recovery of the metal via recycling has become an important facet of the aluminium industry. Recycling involves melting the scrap, a process that requires only 5% of the energy used to produce aluminium from ore, though a significant part (up to 15% of the input material) is lost as dross (ash-like oxide). The dross can undergo a further process to extract aluminium. Recycling was a low-profile activity until the late 1960s, when the growing use of aluminium beverage cans brought it to the public awareness. In Europe aluminium experiences high rates of recycling, ranging from 42% of beverage cans, 85% of construction materials and 95% of transport vehicles.
Recycled aluminium is known as secondary aluminium, but maintains the same physical properties as primary aluminium. Secondary aluminium is produced in a wide range of formats and is employed in 80% of the alloy injections. Another important use is for extrusion.

The typical alloying elements of aluminium are copper, magnesium, manganese, silicon, and zinc. There are two principal classifications, namely casting alloys and wrought alloys, both of which are further subdivided into the categories heat-treatable and non-heat-treatable. About 85% of aluminium is used for wrought products, for example rolled plate, foils and extrusions. Cast aluminium alloys yield cost effective products due to the low melting point, although they generally have lower tensile strengths than wrought alloys. The most important cast aluminium alloy system is Al-Si, where the high levels of silicon (4.0% to 13%) contribute to give good casting characteristics. Aluminium alloys are widely used in engineering structures and components where light weight or corrosion resistance is required.
Alloys composed mostly of the two lightweight metals aluminium and magnesium have been very important in aerospace manufacturing since somewhat before 1940. Aluminium-magnesium alloys are both lighter than other aluminium alloys and much less flammable than alloys that contain a very high percentage of magnesium. Aluminium alloy surfaces will keep their apparent shine in a dry environment due to the formation of a clear, protective layer of aluminium oxide. In a wet environment, galvanic corrosion can occur when an aluminium alloy is placed in electrical contact with other metals with more negative corrosion potentials than aluminium. Aluminium alloy compositions are registered with The Aluminum Association. Many organizations publish more specific standards for the manufacture of aluminium alloy, including the Society of Automotive Engineers standards organization, specifically its aerospace standards subgroups, and ASTM International.
For optimized design of radiator to provide better heat transfer and overall cooling efficiency of radiator, alloy of brass/aluminium was taken and compared with base material (aluminium and cupro/brass).

3.1 Brass/aluminium Alloy – material combination

Copper – 50%

Zinc – 10%

Aluminium – 40%

3.2 Properties

Table 3.0 Properties of materials used for radiator design

Cupro/brass (70%Cu – 30%Zn)

Density – 8.522E+3

Specific Heat – 385.0

Thermal Conductivity – 111.2


Density – 2.707E+3

Specific Heat – 896.0

Thermal Conductivity – 220.0

Brass/aluminium Alloy (50%Cu, 10% Zn, 40% Al)

Density – 6.274E+3

Specific Heat – 586.8

Thermal Conductivity – 292.22


Radiator of a vehicle with optimum number of core tubes as per the standards is designed using the modelling software Pro-E.
Pro/Engineer is the software product of PTC (Parametric Technology Corporation). Like other 3D CAD software pro engineer also have different modules for part and assembly. To design a part in pro engineer the part module is selected. For assembly (i.e. group of parts) all the parts are created (or modelled) separately using pro engineer part modules and then in pro engineer assembly module all the parts are called and assembled to create the final assembly.
Modelling in pro engineer or any 3D CAD software is similar to actual manufacturing of the part. Any pro engineer model is build up by adding numbers of features together and these features are actually similar to the operations needed to manufacturing the part.
Dimensions for the model are taken from standards of various leading car and truck producers. Here the Radiator design considered is from the car type BMW. The core dimension as given by the standards of the car type considered is 400 x 718 x 16mm. The header dimension of the radiator is 727.5 x 46.1mm. The inlet and outlet hole diameter is equal and is numerically 39.5mm. The 3D model of the radiator is created using the modelling software Pro-E.


Figure 4.0  2D Diagram of the Radiator (Car Type – BMW)

Table:4.0  Specifications of the radiator chosen

Radiator type – Cross flow, single row core, forced air cooled radiator

In hose barb (inlet) – 6.81mm

Out hose barb (outlet) – 6.81mm

Core rows – 35

Core tube – 1.84mm

Fin density – 1.5mm/fin

Core dimensions (L x H x W) – 510mm x 395mm x 40mm

Tube and fin material – Aluminium

End tube material – Nylon 6,6



A thermal analysis calculates the temperature distribution and related thermal quantities in a system or component. Typical thermal quantities are:

  • The temperature distributions
  • The amount of heat lost or gained
  • Thermal gradients
  • Thermal fluxes.

Thermal simulations play an important role in the design of many engineering applications, including internal combustion engines, turbines, heat exchangers, piping systems, and electronic components. In many cases, engineers follow a thermal analysis with a stress analysis to calculate thermal stresses (that is, stresses caused by thermal expansions or contractions).


Convection can be specified as a surface load on conducting solid elements or shell elements. Convection film coefficient and the bulk fluid temperature at a surface is speified; ANSYS then calculates the appropriate heat transfer across that surface. If the film coefficient depends upon temperature, a table of temperatures along with the corresponding values of film coefficient at each temperature is specified.

For use in finite element models with conducting bar elements (which do not allow a convection surface load), or in cases where the bulk fluid temperature is not known in advance, ANSYS offers a convection element. In addition, the FLOTRAN CFD elements can also be used to simulate details of the convection process, such as fluid velocities, local values of film coefficient and heat flux, and temperature distributions in both fluid and solid regions.

5.2 ANSYS supports two types of thermal analysis:

1. A steady-state thermal analysis determines the temperature distribution and other thermal quantities under steady-state loading conditions. A steady-state loading condition is a situation where heat storage effects varying over a period of time can be ignored.

2. A transient thermal analysis determines the temperature distribution and other thermal quantities under conditions that vary over a period of time.


The ANSYS Multiphysics, ANSYS Mechanical, ANSYS Professional, and ANSYS FLOTRAN products support transient thermal analysis. Transient thermal analysis determines temperatures and other thermal quantities that vary over time. Engineers commonly use temperatures that a transient thermal analysis calculates as input to structural analyses for thermal stress evaluations. Many heat transfer applications – heat treatment problems, nozzles, engine blocks, piping systems, pressure vessels, etc. – involve transient thermal analyses.

A transient thermal analysis follows basically the same procedures as a steady-state thermal analysis. The main difference is that most applied loads in a transient analysis are functions of time. To specify time-de­pendent loads, the Function Tool can either be used to define an equation or function describing the curve or then apply the function as a boundary condition, or you can divide the load-versus-time curve into load steps.

  • If the Function Tool is used, “Using the Function Tool” in the Basic Analysis Guide is referred for detailed instructions.
  • If individual load steps are used, each “corner” on the load-time curve can be one load step.

For each load step, both load values and time values, along with other load step options such as stepped or ramped loads automatic time stepping, etc need to be specified. Then each load step is written to a file and all load steps are solved together.


  • Building the model.
  • Applying loads
  • Obtaining the solution.
  • Review of the results.


To build the model, the job name and a title for the analysis were specified as “Optimisation of radiator Cu-Br”. The ANSYS GUI was used. Then, the following ANSYS preprocessor tasks were followed:

  1. The element type was defined as Thermal Solid Tet 10 node 87
  2. Material properties were defined as follows

DENSITY  8.522E+3



  1. The model of the radiator was imported from Pro-E as a IGES file.
  2. The model was meshed with element size 0.5.
  3. The file was saved in *.DB and *.Log types separately.

Table:6.0  Element count in tube-fin assembly with 32 fins

Number of hexahedral elements – 469568

Number of prismatic elements – 10304

Number of 2D elements – 168320

Total Number of elements – 648192

Aspect ratio – 2%

Skewness – 1%


In the transient analysis, the first step in applying transient loads was to define the analysis type and then establish initial conditions for the analysis.

  1. The analysis Type was selected as Transient Thermal Analysis.
  2. The initial temperature of the system was defined as 950C (Temperature of water flowing inside the tube)
  3. The final temperature of the system was defined as 350C (Temperature of air outside the tube)
  4. The Thermal Convection On inside Areas were 1200 for ‘Film coefficient’ and 450 for ‘Bulk temperature’
  5. Then the outside Areas, except the Area which is insulated were selected and given values of 200 for ‘Film coefficient’ and 300 for ‘Bulk temperature’
  6. The file was again saved in *.DB and *.Log types.
    1. Then the model was solved for the current LS.


  1. A Contour Plot of the nodal temperatures at all the substeps (time increment) were generated by reading the appropriate set of results from the Results File.
  2. The first set of ‘DOF Solution’ and ‘Nodal Temperature’ were obtained from the Contour Plot Nodal Solution.
  3. The Next Set of solution was also obtained.
  4. This procedure was repeated until all desired substeps have been viewed.
  5. The temperatures of particular nodes were also viewed on the plot
  6. The nodal temperatures were listed and saved to a file for further analysis.
  7. The transient temperature distribution was also animated over the 20 second time period. Where the ‘Number of animation frames’ of desired value (20 used here), ‘Current Load Stp’, the ‘Animation time delay’ of desired value (0.5 s used here) with ‘Auto contour scaling’ were entered.
  8. A Temperature vs. Time Plot for certain nodes were generated within the Time History Postprocessor.
  9. All the values were saved separately for further analysis.


The above results for base material 1 (cupro/brass) were recorded and the next analysis for base material 2 (aluminium) was carried out with new set of values as follows:

DENSITY   2.707E+3



The analysis was continued with same set of load values (thermal condition) and the results were obtained like that of the previous analysis. The results were recorded separately.

The analysis process was conducted for the new set of  material properties for alloy material Brass/aluminium Alloy (50%Cu, 10% Zn, 40% Al) as follows:

DENSITY   6.274E+3



The analysis was continued with same set of load values (thermal condition) and the results were obtained like that of the previous analysis. The results were recorded separately for the alloy material.


The thermal analysis of the three materials considered was recorded and their heat flux patterns were compared with each other. From this the overall thermal efficiency of the radiator was analysed for individual materials, which is then compared to identify the material with maximum efficiency.

From the individual results obtained the comparative result was recorded. The comparative results show that the Brass/Aluminium alloy have maximum thermal efficiency preceded by cupro/brass and then by aluminium in the efficiency chart.


The radiator was modeled using 3-D modeling software Pro-E and imported to Ansys as IGES file. Using this Neutral file format the model was meshed in Ansys. The solid model was converted into Finite Element mesh. The material properties were defined to the model. The boundary conditions such as initial temperature of the coolant, final temperature as the atmospheric temperature, thermal conductivity, density, specific heat and the  heat transfer coefficient were assigned . The temperatures of particular nodes were viewed on the plot. The nodal temperatures were also listed and saved to a file. The transient temperature distribution was also animated. Heat flux and temperature profiles were used as measure of efficiency. The results were compared and the Brass/aluminium alloy with maximum efficiency is consolidated from the results and reported.


  1. D. Ganga Charyulu, Gajendra Singh, J.K. Sharma, “Performance evaluation of a radiator in a diesel engine case study”, Energy Systems Division, Thapar Corporate Research and Development Centre, India.
  2. S.N. Sridhara, S.R. Shankapal and V. Umesh Babu “Analysis of fluid flow and heat transfer in a single tube-fin arrangement of an automotive radiator”, International Conference on Mechanical Engineering 2005 (ICME2005), Dhaka.
  3. A.B.M. Saifullah and S.H. Masood, “Finite Element Thermal Analysis of Radiator of Automobiles”, 5th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, ACAM 2007, Brisbane, Australia.
  4. Ganesh Murali J, Subrahmanya S. Katte, “Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Radiator Fins”, Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Volume 2, 2008, ISSN 1995-6665.
  5. Shaolin Mao, Changrui Cheng, Xianchang Li, Efstathios E. Michaelides, “Thermal/structural analysis of radiators for heavy-duty trucks”,  Center for Computation & Technology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.
  6. Ainali M., Beal R.E., Sundberg R., and Wickman L. Corrosion of copper/Brass Radiators – Corrosion Mechanisms – Prevention Actions.SAE Technical Paper 910180.
  7. Ainali M., Miner D., and Sundberg R. Electrocoating of Car Radiators – A Way to Improve Corrosion Resistance. SAE Technical Paper 931108.
  8. Beal R.E., Melnyk W., and Sundberg R. Optimized Brazed Copper-Brass Radiator. C496 pp. 289-294. I Mech E.
  9. Garcia J. J. Corrosion Protection of Copper-Brass Radiators through Electrocoating Process. IMechE C496/070/95, pp. 295-301.

10.  Mattsson E. Accelerated Corrosion Testing of Automotive Radiators of Copper Materials – A Critical Survey. SAE Technical Paper 920181.

11.  Tapper L., Sundberg R. and Miner D. New Joining Methods for Copper/Brass Heat Exchangers. SAE Technical Paper 931076.

12.  Webb R.L Tubes Touching Multi-Row Radiator Design. SAE Technical Paper 920548.

13.  Webb R.L. Advanced Technology Copper/Brass Radiator Design Competitive with Brazed Aluminum Radiators. ICA Berlin Seminar, 1993.

14.  Vogelaar H. Practical Experiences with Splitter Fin Products for OEM and Aftermarket Applications. SAE Technical Paper 890228.

Hybrid Cars Tax Rebate: The Benefits You Get When You Own a Hybrid Car

Hybrid cars are one of the latest innovations in the car industry today. Because of the rising cost of fuel, car manufacturers have integrated the hybrid technology in their cars. The concept of the hybrid engine technology is actually very simple to explain. Although hybrid cars still use fuel, it can efficiently save it. This is because the hybrid technology combines the electric motor technology with the gasoline engine.

With the hybrid technology, it allows consumers to save as much as 30 miles a gallon on fuel. The main advantage of hybrid cars is when the car stops or when it is running on idle mode, it automatically shuts off the gasoline engine. However, the car will continue running but it will run on the electric motor. Therefore, it saves a lot on fuel. Just imagine being stuck on traffic, with the hybrid technology, you will never waste precious and expensive fuel when the car is running idle. This is also the reason why hybrid cars are so quiet when it is stationary. When you step on the accelerator, the gasoline engine automatically turns on again.

Another reason why hybrid cars are now preferred by most people is that it emits lower levels of toxic emissions. This means that hybrid cars are environmentally friendly. Just imagine, if all people would start using hybrid cars, it will lessen the emission of carbon dioxide. For this reason, it will effectively stop global warming.

Because hybrid cars can both help in saving precious fuel and reduce the emission of toxic fumes, the government is now taking all the necessary steps to promote the hybrid technology. The consumer who owns a hybrid car can enjoy more benefits than you may imagine. Not only will they save a lot of money on fuel, and help produce a cleaner environment, but they can also enjoy tax rebates.
Back in 2005, the President of the United States signed an agreement back in the year 2005 that says that hybrid car buyers will be able to enjoy large amounts of tax relief. However, the amount of money you will save on the tax incentives will also vary on the hybrid car you purchase.

The first one you have to consider when getting a tax break is that it will depend on the fuel efficiency of the hybrid car you purchased when you compare it to a conventional car in the same weight class manufactured back in the year 2002. The more it saves fuel, the bigger the tax break will be.

The tax break imposed on a hybrid car will also vary on the amount of gasoline that the hybrid car can save in its total years of operation when it is compared to a conventional car in the same weight class. The more gasoline it saves, the bigger your tax relief will be.

It is a fact that hybrid cars can be expensive. However, just think about the long term benefits that the hybrid car can give you. If you calculate overall total expenses of a hybrid car and compare it to the total expenses of a conventional car during its lifetime, you will see that you can save more money on fuel. You will also save money on taxes. You will see that purchasing a hybrid car is definitely a good investment that all people should consider.

Not only will you be able contribute in producing a cleaner environment and save a lot of money on precious, expensive and limited supply of fuel, but you will also save a lot of money on tax rebates for hybrid car buyers.

What Differentiates Supercars from Mainstream Cars

Bugatti veyron, McLaren MP4-12C, Ferrari FF and many other fast and expensive cars like these comes under the supercars category. But one can ask, what is a supercars and what differentiates them from the mainstream cars? So let’s see what differentiates these supercars from the mainstream cars.

Let’s start by understanding mainstream cars like Toyotas, Fords and many others. The first thing that these cars have is the fact that they are a convenient mode of transportation, and are developed to offer daily commutes an easy, comfortable and affordable mode of transportation. The primary function of these cars is to take people from point A to Point B safely and comfortably. Now if you look at the super cars like Bugatti veyron, McLaren MP4-12C, Ferrari FF etc then you’ll find that these cars are total contradictory of the mainstream cars. These supercars are fast, expensive and surely not easy to drive. As a matter of fact, if you buy a Bugatti veyron or McLaren MP4-12C or Ferrari FF you might actually will have learned driving once again. These supercars come loaded with modern equipments, and uses immensely high tech automotive engineering, which surely is not easy to understand. So, it’s pretty apparent that these cars are not the vehicles that one can or will like to use as their daily commuting vehicle.


The Supercars like Bugatti veyron, McLaren MP4-12C, Ferrari FF incorporates high tech racing car engineering, and if handled by experienced and skilled drivers, these cars immensely easy to maneuver, particularly when you take them on tight curves and on high speed. But again, the person driving these cars should be skilled enough to handle these fast machines successfully, or else it could end up in severe accidents.

Apart from comfort, ride and handling the other major thing that separates supercars from mainstream cars is the engine under their hood. The engines under the hood of supercars are much advanced and powerful examples of automotive engineering. These engines generates a lot more power than the engines of the mainstream cars or for that matter you can say more adrenaline rush than mainstream cars. These brawny engines are the secret behind the immense acceleration and top speeds of these fast machines. These engines sprints these heavy machines from 0 to 100 in a matter of few seconds, which surely is not the case with mainstream engines. Also keep in mind that the performance that these supercars are capable of delivering surely can not be enjoyed at common city roads, you have to take these beauties to race track to see what they are capable of doing.

So these are the major difference between the mainstream cars and supercars. Whichever are you driving drive safe and make sure that you enjoy your beautiful machine to maximum.

Job Opportunities for Mechanical Engineers

In Engineering field, Mechanical Engineering is one of the prime vertical and it has a wide range of job opportunities in various industries. Major Industries which have the bulk job opportunities for Mechanical Engineers are Automobile, aeronautical, marine & ship building, Tool & Machinery Manufacturing, Oil & Gas, Petrochemical, Industrial Construction, Thermal Power plant, Wind Energy etc. In functionality wise as well a wide range of opportunities are available from these industries. Fresh Mechanical Engineers while doing their final year of Engineering course itself they have to start studying the options available before them to make their choice in accordance with their interest in their job hunt industry and functionality wise. In the following paragraphs, Industry and functionality wise job opportunities available for Mechanical Engineers.

In Automobile sector, we can categories the companies into four types Viz 1) OEM 2) Auto Ancillary, 3) Automotive Engineering and 4) Retailers, Spare and service providers. In Auto OEM and Ancillary companies, Jobs for Mechanical engineers is available on various functional areas like Production, production planning, Assembly, production automation, Material management, Procurement, quality assurance & Quality Control, Safety, maintenance, Product design & development , R & D etc. In Auto OEMs the production activity can divided in to four major category viz Engine shop, Press shop, Assembly shop and paint shop in which expertise can be archived through Experience. In Automotive Engineering Companies, Jobs in Engineering Design, Engineering Project management, erection/ installation & commissioning are the major mechanical engineer opportunities

Tools ,Machineries and industry manufacturing companies as well has job opportunities with similar functionality like automobile. Here in production we can categorize the job openings depends on the various manufacturing or production, finishing, coating and painting technology technologies used. Manufacturing industry can be further classified based on the product category like, Air conditioning & Refrigeration, Industrial Machineries, Agricultural machineries, FMCG, Food processing Machineries etc.

EPC Industry (Engineering procurement Construction) undertakes industrial construction services i.e. from concept to commissioning of industrial plants. Particularly in INDIA Major job opportunities in the EPC companies are from Oil & Gas and power plant EPC projects. In which the following job categories are available for mechanical engineers,

  • Mechanical / Equipment Design Engineer design engineer which can be classified further in to two types (i) Static Equipment Design Engineer and (ii) Rotary Equipment Design Engineer.
  • Piping and Plant Lay out design Engineer
  • Piping Stress Engineer
  • Project management Engineers Which can be Classified in to Procurement Engineer, Project Expediting Engineer, Project Planning And Costing Engineer
  • Commissioning Engineer

In each of these positions, Salary and position wise career scope is very good.

In Marine Field, Mechanical Engineers can join as a marine engineer officer who has the responsible for the operation and maintenance of various machinery onboard, Which includes Engines, Generators, Pumps, Cranes, Refrigerators, Air conditioners and Safety and life saving accessories and equipment. In Ship Building and Ship repair industry, there is huge requirements for Mechanical engineering Professionals. Ship building companies have career openings similar to EPC companies. Apart from the Engineering design, project management, Erection, Installation and Commissioning jobs, There we have Specific requirements for Specialized gas and electric Arc welding, Gas and Machine Cutting, pressing related jobs.

Aeronautical, Mining & Metals, Defense research & production , Nuclear research & Nuclear Power, Space research & Development industry are also the major industries which has a huge requirements for Mechanical engineers.

Automotive Engineering: A way to a successful career

One of the best courses nowadays is automotive engineering. It involves examining the operating standards of vehicles. It may also comprise of proficiency management, mechanical system, hydraulic system and electrical processes. Since the industry of automotive is quickly growing, there are several people who want to have a degree program in automotive courses.

Some of the degree programs of automotive engineering offer lots of courses in mechanical engineering and automotive design engineering. The colleges that offer this kind of course give direct application and hands-on training for an array of careers in the industry. This course specializes in the field of vehicle engineering and it can be divided into three main fields of study. The three main fields of this course are manufacturing, development and production.

Manufacturing engineers are those involved in making and building different automobiles, while development engineers are those who were involved on the different attributes of a sedan that includes speed, durability and performance. On the other hand, production engineers focus more on the design systems and components of a vehicle. It also involves designing and testing of the vehicles’ parts and includes coordinating tests to make sure that all automobiles meet the national standards set by the government.

Automotive engineers have several responsibilities and job description that they need to comply with after completing all their trainings. As they finished the degree program of this course, engineers can now design the car’s systems and components. They also need to determine the best attributes for a specific sedan or for a future vehicle.
They also need to develop codes and standards for a well-organized manufacturing. Automotive engineers must determine the costs and implement the procedures to lessen the production costs. They are also expected to introduce and develop new strategies and systems for the production of automotives. In addition, they also need to make sure that they follow the government regulations during the process of the making a vehicle.

Aside from developing and designing, they also need to determine the drive ability of the each vehicle. They also need to implement quality procedures and control strategies. When there is a problem, they also need to solve all the troubles in automotive engineering. Lastly, they must conduct statistical analysis as required. All the graduates from this course can have several career options like vehicle manufacturing engineer, operations research, systems engineer, vehicle dynamics controller, performance engineer, noise, vibration and harshness engineer (NVH), emissions controller or research and safety engineering.

11 Steps to Spray Paint Your Car Like the Professionals – Car Bodywork Paint Repair

You will be surprised to see just how to spray car paint really can be easy. That doesn’t mean that you can just grab a tin of paint and go at it. There are some basics you need to know. Both in the preparation and application.

Step A:
Prepare by gathering all of your items that you are going to need. Make sure your surrounding area is protected against any possible over spray. Any parts that do not need to be sprayed and that can be removed then do so. For other areas cover well with paper and masking tape.

Step B:
You will have to examine the car carefully for any rough spots. These will need to be sanded with 300 grit sand paper. This will smooth out the rough spots. It also allows the spray car paint to adhere better. Once you have finished sanding, make sure all of the dust dirt and debris are removed from the vehicle. It’s imperative that the car be perfectly clean.

Step C:
You will need to apply a primer. This will make sure that you get an overall even coat of your colored paint plus helps the paint to adhere well. When you spray the primer, make sure you apply light coats and allow for drying in between. How to spray car paint takes a little getting used to.

Step D:
Now you are pretty well to the point where you are about ready to spray the color. You may have decided to use the spray car paint that comes in aerosol cans, or perhaps you have opted for the spray gun. In either case, make a few practice strokes on an object before you start with the car. Once you are ready, start the passes with the paint without hesitation. If you hold the spray can or gun in one spot, you will end up with uneven coverage and possibly the paint will run. If this happens you have a major repair job on your had. You will most likely have instructions as to how to spray car paint using the equipment or spray cans.
Step E:
It’s up to you whether you want to wet sand between coats of primer and color paints. You may want to research this option on the web, or check with someone that is familiar with how to spray car paint

Step F:
Once you are totally satisfied with the color, you are down to the finishing touches. You will now want to apply several clear coats. This will give the gloss and finished look to the car as well as protect the finish. Probably two coats will be sufficient but it will be up to you. Make absolutely sure it is dry in between coats.

Step G:
Once again, you have the option of wet sanding if you prefer. Again, I suggest you ask the advice of individuals that are familiar with how to spray paint a car. If you decide to follow this step then you need to wet sand with the following grits in this order. Use 800, 1000, 1200, 1500 and the finally the 2000. This will remove spots that may be too heavy in the clear coat application.

Step H:
Now you will want to using a rubbing compound to buff the surface so you can use a 2000 grit to remove any scratches.

Step I:
You should now buff the surface. To do this simply use a medium cut polish. Once you have done this, you should have a perfect glassy look to the finish.

Step J:
As a final touch, you may want to apply a few coats of wax.

Car parking sensor system – lcd parking sensor sytem -RS0007

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LCD display parking sensor

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Model: RS0007
Number of sensor: 4 sensors (can option 4, 6, 8 and wireless 4 sensors)
Beeping alert: BI-BI-BI or speaker voice warning
Kind of display: LCD (Red, Purple, Blue)
Operating voltage: 10.8-15V
Max. Consumption: 2W
Operating temperature: -40 — +80 degree Celsius
Buzzer volume: about 80db
Max. detection distance (Suppose the detection target is a flat wall area): 2.0M
Human body detection distance: 1.2-1.5M

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Shenzhen Baiteman Tech. Company Limited located in Baoan District Shenzhen City China, is high-tech company specialized in professional car electronic product and pc equipment design, research and  development, OEM manufacture and supply of car electronics product and pc equipment (including car dvd player,car lcd monitor,car parking sensor etc.). The company is holding the world leading technology.

Our company brings together a large number of experienced electronic engineers and quality management experts, as well as outstanding sales team, formed a seasoned technical team, well-trained and sales teams. All of these provide strong assurances for further research and development of new products, technical support to numerous clients and after-sales service.